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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Exam PDF eBook: 
Dr. Amberg Pharm quiz
Download Dr. Exam PDF eBook
30 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Dr. Amberg Pharm quiz Exam

Question: A cholinergic agonist causes all of the following EXCEPT?

Choices:

Bradycardia via M2 receptors

Bronchoconstriction via M3 and M2 receptors

Promotes urination via contraction of the detrusor muscle and relaxation of the trigone and sphincter muscle via M3 receptors

Vasoconstriction of blood vessels via M3 receptors

Contraction of the pupils (miosis) via M3 and M2 receptors

Question: Parasympathetic nervous system directs blood flow to skeletal muscle.True/False

Choices:

True

False

Question: Which division of the nervous system innervates in the inner core of the adrenal gland to stimulate nicotinic receptors on chromaffin cells?

Choices:

Sympathetic

Parasympathetic

Question: Post ganglionic neurons of the sympathetic nervous system release __________ that bind to _______ receptors on target organs.

Choices:

Ach, muscarininc

Ach, cholinergic

Ach, adrenergic

Epinephrine, cholinergic

Norepinephrine, adrenergic

Question: Which of the following direct acting cholinergic drugs is used to treat Glaucoma by decreasing intraocular pressure?

Choices:

Bethanechol

Muscarine

Ach

Pilocarpine

Neostigmine

Question: Nicotinic cholinergic receptors are ligand gated ion channels that binds to Ach. True/False

Choices:

True

False

Question: Parasympathetic nervous system ganglia are organized along vertebral column.

Choices:

True

False

Question: Which direct acting cholinergic agonist is used to treat urinary retention?

Choices:

Bethanechol

Muscarine

Ach

Pilocarpine

Physostigmine

Question: Parasympathetic post ganglionic neurons release Ach which will bind to muscarinic cholinergic receptors on target organs. True/False

Choices:

True

False

Question: Which receptor causes bronchodilation?

Choices:

Alpha1

Alpha 2

Beta1

Beta2

Question: Which of the following is NOT a direct acting cholinergic agonist?

Choices:

Muscarine

Pilocarpine

Neostigmine

Ach

Bethanechol

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Jugnu Khan
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Szilárd Jankó
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