0.10 Linear programming  (Page 2/4)

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$x\ge y$

means that only values of $x$ that are greater than or equal to the $y$ values are allowed.

$x\le 20$

means that only $x$ values which are less than or equal to 20 are allowed.

The constraints are used to create bounds of the solution.

The solution

Points that satisfy the constraints are called feasible solutions.

Once we have determined the feasible region the solution of our problem will be the feasible point where the objective function is a maximum / minimum. Sometimes there will be more than one feasible point where the objective function is a maximum/minimum — in this case we have more than one solution.

Example of a problem

A simple problem that can be solved with linear programming involves Mrs Nkosi and her farm.

Mrs Nkosi grows mielies and potatoes on a farm of 100 m ${}^{2}$ . She has accepted orders that will need her to grow at least 40 m ${}^{2}$ of mielies and at least 30 m ${}^{2}$ of potatoes. Market research shows that the demand this year will be at least twice as much for mielies as for potatoes and so she wants to use at least twice as much area for mielies as for potatoes. She expects to make a profit of R650 per m ${}^{2}$ for her mielies and R1 500 per m ${}^{2}$ on her potatoes. How should she divide her land so that she can earn the most profit?

Let $m$ represent the area of mielies grown and let $p$ be the area of potatoes grown.

We shall see how we can solve this problem.

Method: linear programming

1. Identify the decision variables in the problem.
2. Write constraint equations
3. Write objective function as an equation
4. Solve the problem

Writing constraint equations

You will need to be comfortable with converting a word description to a mathematical description for linear programming. Some of the words that are used is summarised in [link] .

 Words Mathematical description $x$ equals $a$ $x=a$ $x$ is greater than $a$ $x>a$ $x$ is greater than or equal to $a$ $x\ge a$ $x$ is less than $a$ $x $x$ is less than or equal to $a$ $x\le a$ $x$ must be at least $a$ $x\ge a$ $x$ must be at most $a$ $x\le a$

Mrs Nkosi grows mielies and potatoes on a farm of 100 m ${}^{2}$ . She has accepted orders that will need her to grow at least 40 m ${}^{2}$ of mielies and at least 30 m ${}^{2}$ of potatoes. Market research shows that the demand this year will be at least twice as much for mielies as for potatoes and so she wants to use at least twice as much area for mielies as for potatoes.

1. There are two decision variables: the area used to plant mielies ( $m$ ) and the area used to plant potatoes ( $p$ ).

• grow at least 40 m ${}^{2}$ of mielies
• grow at least 30 m ${}^{2}$ of potatoes
• area of farm is 100 m ${}^{2}$
• demand is at least twice as much for mielies as for potatoes
• $m\ge 40$
• $p\ge 30$
• $m+p\le 100$
• $m\ge 2p$

Constraints as equation

Write the following constraints as equations:

1. Michael is registering for courses at university. Michael needs to register for at least 4 courses.
2. Joyce is also registering for courses at university. She cannot register for more than 7 courses.
3. In a geography test, Simon is allowed to choose 4 questions from each section.
4. A baker can bake at most 50 chocolate cakes in 1 day.
5. Megan and Katja can carry at most 400 koeksisters.

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what king of growth are you checking .?
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yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
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what school?
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biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
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research.net
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sciencedirect big data base
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Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
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absolutely yes
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for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
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what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
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carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
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so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
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Do you know which machine is used to that process?
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how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
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What is lattice structure?
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or in general
Ebrahim
in general
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Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
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