<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Arts and culture

Grade 4

Critical and creative reflection

Module 15

Music: key instruments

Key instruments

Activity 1

To distinguish between high and low [lo 2.5]

First listen to the pitch.

Read the following sentences out aloud:

It looks like john


It looks like john?

What is the difference?




Try to say the following sentences in different pitches.

Where did you put the book?

Deidre is really a pretty girl

I cannot understand it at all!

Accentuate the different words and listen to what happens!

Write a few sentences of your own and test your friends . . .

Activity 2

To identify instruments [lo 2.4, 2.5]

Perhaps it is the first time that you really listen to different instruments. It will help to develop your listening skills.

Listen to THE CARNIVAL OF THE ANIMALS and then complete the following tasks.

  • A carnival is a festive occasion where among other things, processions are held. In The Carnival of the Animals, music is used to portray different animals in a humorous way.
  • Camille Saint-Saëns is the composer. A composer is the person who writes the music. Saint-Saëns wrote these humorous pieces of music as entertainment for himself and his friends.

Royal march of the lion


  • Time
  • Tempo
  • Is the instrument high and/or low?
  • Describe what you hear. What does the lion do?

The composer uses two pianos to portray the lion.

The piano is a key instrument:

  • Many notes can be played simultaneously on a key instrument.
  • The pitch: The notes are from very low to very high.

All the notes are in alphabetical order (A to G) and you can clearly distinguish between black and white notes. Complete the white notes on the piano by following the given pattern:

  • There are two types of pianos: an upright piano and a grand piano.
  • Other key instruments:

How is sound produced on the piano?

Inside the piano there are strings and small hammers. As soon as a key is pressed by a finger, the little hammer strikes the string. The string vibrates and sound is produced.

The harder the note is pressed, the louder the sound, and the softer the note is pressed, the softer the sound.

The person who plays the piano is called a pianist (plural: pianists).

Paste a picture of A piano below and state whether it isan upright or a grand piano .


LEARNING OUTCOME 2: REFLECTING The learner will be able to reflect critically and creative on artistic and cultural processes, products and styles in past and present contexts.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

2.4 recognises time signatures such as four-four and three-four;

2.5 listens to and identifies musical instruments in terms of appearance, name, how sound is produced, timbre and general pitch classification (high-low).

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11087/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Arts and culture grade 4' conversation and receive update notifications?