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Get started--take the pre-test

This pre-test in research ethics—not really a test—consists of short scenarios accompanied by three questions: (1) Is it ethical? (2) Is it common or realistic? (3) Is it controversial? Answering these will help you to start thinking about research ethics issues. On some scenarios you will agree with your classmates and teacher. On others you won't. Try using three simple ethics tests (reversibility, harm-benefits, and publicity) to provide more common ground upon which tobuild consensus. And don't despair. Coming to a thoughtful agreement on ethical issues is difficult but well worth the effort.

Research ethics pre test

Clicking on this figure will open the Research Ethics Pre Test. It consists of a series of short scenarios designed to get you thinking about some of the ethical issues you will encounter during your graduate studies.

Gerese research ethics pre test

Issues table

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What you need to know

    The tuskegee study

  • Those horrified by the experiments carried out by Nazi scientists and doctors on defenseless concentration camp prisoners were placated only by the reassurance that “it couldn’t happen here.” (“Here” for the purpose of this module would be the United States, including Puerto Rico.)
  • News stories published in 1972 detailing the Tuskegee experiments carried out in Mississippi soon displaced this consoling belief. As it turned out, not only could these things “happen here” but had been happening here for forty years.
  • Inaugurated in 1932, the Tuskegee study examined the long terms effects of the disease syphilis in Black men. Even though penicillin was widely used (and successfully used) as a treatment for this disease, such treatment was withheld from the experiment's subjects to allow it to go to its logical and biological conclusion.
  • The experiment continued until 1972, when Peter Buxtin with the U.S. Public Health Service (the agency sponsoring the experiment) blew the whistle on the experiment to reporter Jean Heller. According to Wikipedia, “[B]y the end of the study in 1972, only 74 of the test subjects were alive. 28 of the original 399 men had died of syphilis, 100 were dead of related complications, 40 of their wives had been infected, and 19 of their children had been born with congenital syphilis.
  • The outrage generated by this study led to the formation of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. This commission wrote the widely known and respected Belmont Report, summarized below, that outlined the moral status, considerability and rights of human subjects in the context of scientific research. It developed protocols to recognize and respect these moral considerations and rights by requiring that those conducting publicly funded research have their research proposals reviewed by Institutional Review Boards.

This short profile on Tuskegee has been compiled with materials taken from Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuskegee_syphilis_experiment) and the Western Michigan Website on ethics linked above (http://www.wmich.edu/ethics/old-site/ESC/cs3.html) both accessed March 15, 2011. Jorge Ferrer also discusses the Tuskegee case in Deber Y Deliberacion: Una Invitacion a la Bioetica , Mayaguez, PR:CePA.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Graduate education in research ethics for scientists and engineers. OpenStax CNX. Dec 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10408/1.3
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