# 3.4 Composition of functions  (Page 6/9)

 Page 6 / 9

## Finding the domain of a composite function involving radicals

Find the domain of

Because we cannot take the square root of a negative number, the domain of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-\infty ,3\right].\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Now we check the domain of the composite function

The domain of this function is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-\infty ,5\right].\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ To find the domain of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\circ g,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ we ask ourselves if there are any further restrictions offered by the domain of the composite function. The answer is no, since $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-\infty ,3\right]\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is a proper subset of the domain of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\circ g.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ This means the domain of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\circ g\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the same as the domain of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ namely, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-\infty ,3\right].$

Find the domain of

$\left[-4,0\right)\cup \left(0,\infty \right)$

## Decomposing a composite function into its component functions

In some cases, it is necessary to decompose a complicated function. In other words, we can write it as a composition of two simpler functions. There may be more than one way to decompose a composite function , so we may choose the decomposition that appears to be most expedient.

## Decomposing a function

Write $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=\sqrt{5-{x}^{2}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ as the composition of two functions.

We are looking for two functions, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}h,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ so $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=g\left(h\left(x\right)\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ To do this, we look for a function inside a function in the formula for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ As one possibility, we might notice that the expression $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}5-{x}^{2}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the inside of the square root. We could then decompose the function as

We can check our answer by recomposing the functions.

$g\left(h\left(x\right)\right)=g\left(5-{x}^{2}\right)=\sqrt{5-{x}^{2}}$

Write $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=\frac{4}{3-\sqrt{4+{x}^{2}}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ as the composition of two functions.

$\begin{array}{l}g\left(x\right)=\sqrt{4+{x}^{2}}\\ h\left(x\right)=\frac{4}{3-x}\\ f=h\circ g\end{array}$

Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with composite functions.

## Key equation

 Composite function $\left(f\circ g\right)\left(x\right)=f\left(g\left(x\right)\right)$

## Key concepts

• We can perform algebraic operations on functions. See [link] .
• When functions are combined, the output of the first (inner) function becomes the input of the second (outer) function.
• The function produced by combining two functions is a composite function. See [link] and [link] .
• The order of function composition must be considered when interpreting the meaning of composite functions. See [link] .
• A composite function can be evaluated by evaluating the inner function using the given input value and then evaluating the outer function taking as its input the output of the inner function.
• A composite function can be evaluated from a table. See [link] .
• A composite function can be evaluated from a graph. See [link] .
• A composite function can be evaluated from a formula. See [link] .
• The domain of a composite function consists of those inputs in the domain of the inner function that correspond to outputs of the inner function that are in the domain of the outer function. See [link] and [link] .
• Just as functions can be combined to form a composite function, composite functions can be decomposed into simpler functions.
• Functions can often be decomposed in more than one way. See [link] .

## Verbal

How does one find the domain of the quotient of two functions, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\frac{f}{g}?\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$

Find the numbers that make the function in the denominator $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ equal to zero, and check for any other domain restrictions on $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ such as an even-indexed root or zeros in the denominator.

#### Questions & Answers

what are you up to?
nothing up todat yet
Miranda
hi
jai
hello
jai
Miranda Drice
jai
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jai
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Miranda
I am living in india
jai
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Miranda
what is the formula for calculating algebraic
I think the formula for calculating algebraic is the statement of the equality of two expression stimulate by a set of addition, multiplication, soustraction, division, raising to a power and extraction of Root. U believe by having those in the equation you will be in measure to calculate it
Miranda
state and prove Cayley hamilton therom
hello
Propessor
hi
Miranda
the Cayley hamilton Theorem state if A is a square matrix and if f(x) is its characterics polynomial then f(x)=0 in another ways evey square matrix is a root of its chatacteristics polynomial.
Miranda
hi
jai
hi Miranda
jai
thanks
Propessor
welcome
jai
What is algebra
algebra is a branch of the mathematics to calculate expressions follow.
Miranda
Miranda Drice would you mind teaching me mathematics? I think you are really good at math. I'm not good at it. In fact I hate it. 😅😅😅
Jeffrey
lolll who told you I'm good at it
Miranda
something seems to wispher me to my ear that u are good at it. lol
Jeffrey
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Miranda
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Jeffrey
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Miranda
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Miranda
haha. already finished college
Jeffrey
how about you? what grade are you now?
Jeffrey
I'm going to 11grade
Miranda
how come you finished in college and you don't like math though
Miranda
gotta practice, holmie
Steve
if you never use it you won't be able to appreciate it
Steve
I don't know why. But Im trying to like it.
Jeffrey
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Jeffrey
so you better
Miranda
what is the solution of the given equation?
which equation
Miranda
I dont know. lol
Jeffrey
please where is the equation
Miranda
Jeffrey
answer and questions in exercise 11.2 sums
how do u calculate inequality of irrational number?
Alaba
give me an example
Chris
and I will walk you through it
Chris
cos (-z)= cos z .
what is a algebra
(x+x)3=?
6x
Obed
what is the identity of 1-cos²5x equal to?
__john __05
Kishu
Hi
Abdel
hi
Ye
hi
Nokwanda
C'est comment
Abdel
Hi
Amanda
hello
SORIE
Hiiii
Chinni
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Ranjay
hi
ANSHU
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Chinni
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Chinni
yes
Hassan
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SORIE
I speak French
Abdel
okay no problem since we gather here and get to know each other
SORIE
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Yaona
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SORIE
it's 12
what is the function of sine with respect of cosine , graphically
tangent bruh
Steve
cosx.cos2x.cos4x.cos8x
sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
what is a reciprocal
The reciprocal of a number is 1 divided by a number. eg the reciprocal of 10 is 1/10 which is 0.1
Shemmy
Reciprocal is a pair of numbers that, when multiplied together, equal to 1. Example; the reciprocal of 3 is ⅓, because 3 multiplied by ⅓ is equal to 1
Jeza
each term in a sequence below is five times the previous term what is the eighth term in the sequence
I don't understand how radicals works pls
How look for the general solution of a trig function