5.1 Lab 5: ctft and its applications  (Page 2/4)

 Page 2 / 4

Varying pulse width

Keep the default values of Time shift (=0) and Time scaling (=1) and vary the Pulse width of the rectangular pulse. First, set the value of the Pulse width to its minimum value (=0.01) and then increase it. Observe that increasing the Pulse width in the time domain decrements the width in the frequency domain (see [link] ). When the Pulse width is set to its maximum value (=1) in the frequency domain, only one value can be seen at the center frequency indicating the signal is of DC type (refer to Properties of CTFT section of Chapter 5).

Time shift

Next, for a fixed pulse width, vary the time shift. Observe that the phase spectrum changes but the magnitude spectrum remains the same. If the signal $x\left(t\right)$ is shifted by a constant ${t}_{0}$ , its FT magnitude does not change, but the term $-{\mathrm{\omega t}}_{0}$ gets added to its phase angle. This verifies the time-shifting property of FT as stated in Properties of CTFT section of Chapter 5 (see [link] ).

Time scaling

Observe that increasing the control Time scaling makes the spectrum wider. This indicates that compressing the signal in the time domain leads to expansion in the frequency domain. This verifies the time-scaling property of FT as stated in Properties of CTFT section of Chapter 5 (see [link] ).

Linearity

Here, combine two signals to examine the linearity property of FT. Select Linear Combination for the Time domain and Frequency domain combination method. This selection combines two time signals, ${x}_{1}\left(t\right)$ and ${x}_{2}\left(t\right)$ , linearly with the scaling factors, ${a}_{1}$ and ${a}_{2}$ , producing a new signal, ${a}_{1}{x}_{1}\left(t\right)+{a}_{2}{x}_{2}\left(t\right)$ . [link] displays the FT of this linear combination. The linear combination in the frequency domain produces a new signal, ${a}_{1}{X}_{1}\left(\omega \right)+{a}_{2}{X}_{2}\left(\omega \right)$ . [link] also displays the inverse FT of this combination. Observe that both combinations produce the same result in the time and frequency domains, as indicated by the linearity property stated in Properties of CTFT section of Chapter 5.

Time convolution

In this part, convolve two signals in the time domain to examine the time-convolution property of FT. Select Convolution for Time domain and Multiplication for Frequency domain. This selection produces and displays a new signal, ${x}_{1}\left(t\right)\ast {x}_{2}\left(t\right)$ , by convolving the two time signals ${x}_{1}\left(t\right)$ and ${x}_{2}\left(t\right)$ . Multiplication in the frequency domain produces a new signal, ${X}_{1}\left(\omega \right){X}_{2}\left(\omega \right)$ . The inverse FT of this multiplied signal is also displayed on the right. Note that both combinations produce the same outcome in the time and frequency domains. This verifies the time-convolution property stated in the Properties of CTFT section of Chapter 5 (see [link] ).

Frequency convolution

Convolve two signals in the frequency domain to examine the frequency-convolution property of FT. Select Convolution for Frequency domain and Multiplication for Time domain. This selection convolves the two time signals ${X}_{1}\left(\omega \right)$ and ${X}_{2}\left(\omega \right)$ to produce a new signal, ${X}_{1}\left(\omega \right)\ast {X}_{2}\left(\omega \right)$ . The inverse FT of the convolved signal is displayed. Multiplication in Time domain produces a new signal, ${x}_{1}\left(t\right){x}_{2}\left(t\right)$ . The FT of this multiplied signal is also displayed. Note that both combinations produce the same outcome in the time and frequency domains. This verifies the frequency-convolution property stated in the Properties of CTFT section of Chapter 5 (see [link] ).

how can chip be made from sand
are nano particles real
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
what is hormones?
Wellington
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!