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Solve 2 x = 3 x + 1 .

x = ln 3 ln ( 2 3 )

Is there any way to solve 2 x = 3 x ?

Yes. The solution is 0.

Equations containing e

One common type of exponential equations are those with base e . This constant occurs again and again in nature, in mathematics, in science, in engineering, and in finance. When we have an equation with a base e on either side, we can use the natural logarithm    to solve it.

Given an equation of the form y = A e k t , solve for t .

  1. Divide both sides of the equation by A .
  2. Apply the natural logarithm of both sides of the equation.
  3. Divide both sides of the equation by k .

Solve an equation of the form y = Ae kt

Solve 100 = 20 e 2 t .

100 = 20 e 2 t 5 = e 2 t Divide by the coefficient of the power . ln 5 = 2 t Take ln of both sides . Use the fact that  ln ( x )  and  e x  are inverse functions . t = ln 5 2 Divide by the coefficient of  t .

Solve 3 e 0.5 t = 11.

t = 2 ln ( 11 3 ) or ln ( 11 3 ) 2

Does every equation of the form y = A e k t have a solution?

No. There is a solution when k 0 , and when y and A are either both 0 or neither 0, and they have the same sign. An example of an equation with this form that has no solution is 2 = −3 e t .

Solving an equation that can be simplified to the form y = Ae kt

Solve 4 e 2 x + 5 = 12.

4 e 2 x + 5 = 12 4 e 2 x = 7 Combine like terms . e 2 x = 7 4 Divide by the coefficient of the power . 2 x = ln ( 7 4 ) Take ln of both sides . x = 1 2 ln ( 7 4 ) Solve for  x .

Solve 3 + e 2 t = 7 e 2 t .

t = ln ( 1 2 ) = 1 2 ln ( 2 )

Extraneous solutions

Sometimes the methods used to solve an equation introduce an extraneous solution    , which is a solution that is correct algebraically but does not satisfy the conditions of the original equation. One such situation arises in solving when the logarithm is taken on both sides of the equation. In such cases, remember that the argument of the logarithm must be positive. If the number we are evaluating in a logarithm function is negative, there is no output.

Solving exponential functions in quadratic form

Solve e 2 x e x = 56.

e 2 x e x = 56 e 2 x e x 56 = 0 Get one side of the equation equal to zero . ( e x + 7 ) ( e x 8 ) = 0 Factor by the FOIL method . e x + 7 = 0  or  e x 8 = 0 If a product is zero, then one factor must be zero . e x = 7  or e x = 8 Isolate the exponentials . e x = 8 Reject the equation in which the power equals a negative number . x = ln 8 Solve the equation in which the power equals a positive number .

Solve e 2 x = e x + 2.

x = ln 2

Does every logarithmic equation have a solution?

No. Keep in mind that we can only apply the logarithm to a positive number. Always check for extraneous solutions.

Using the definition of a logarithm to solve logarithmic equations

We have already seen that every logarithmic equation log b ( x ) = y is equivalent to the exponential equation b y = x . We can use this fact, along with the rules of logarithms, to solve logarithmic equations where the argument is an algebraic expression.

For example, consider the equation log 2 ( 2 ) + log 2 ( 3 x 5 ) = 3. To solve this equation, we can use rules of logarithms to rewrite the left side in compact form and then apply the definition of logs to solve for x :

Questions & Answers

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what is Nano technology ?
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write examples of Nano molecule?
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The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
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nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
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what king of growth are you checking .?
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What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
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yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
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biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
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Source:  OpenStax, Essential precalculus, part 1. OpenStax CNX. Aug 26, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11871/1.1
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