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Unsettling developments

In January 2004, the Union of Concerned Scientists listed more than twenty incidents in which it claimed that the Bush administration had politicized science, including stacking advisory panels with ideological allies, doctoring reports that didn’t support its policies, and muzzling government scientists. David Malakoff, “Science Politics: White House Rebutes Charges It Has Politicized Science,” Science (April 9, 2004), 184-85. In February, sixty prominent scientists signed an accompanying statement accusing the administration of ignoring or distorting technical findings inconsistent with its political views. The White House fought back, with Marburger’s office issuing a twenty-page rebuttal. Ibid.

The charges persisted. In September, David Baltimore, a Nobel Laureate and President of the California Institute of Technology, wrote:

[A]s we approach the election, it is important to examine the most critical issues at the interface of science and politics in the determination of public policy. And on several of these issues, a new pattern of behavior by the administration is becoming clear. The sequence is as follows: A government position is taken on a matter of scientific importance; policy directions are announced and scientific justifications for those policies are offered; strong objections from scientists follow; the scientific rationale is then abandoned or changed, but the policies based on that science remain, stuck in the same place. David Baltimore, “Science and the Bush Administration,” Science (September 24, 2004), 1873-74.

Immediately following Bush’s narrow reelection, the Federation of American Scientists presented a paper making the case for an effective presidential science advisory system and urging Bush to move decisively in that direction. Federation of American Scientists, Flying Blind: The Rise, Fall, and Possible Resurrection of Science Policy Advice in the United States (Cambridge, MA: Federation of American Scientists, December 2004). The paper also reviewed the status of science advice throughout the executive branch, with a focus on the National Science Board—by law, the governing body of the National Science Foundation—arguing that such advisory bodies, while important, were no substitute for a strong presidential system. It also urged the administration to take greater advantage of the capabilities of the U.S. National Academies National Academies refers collectively to the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. to provide well-reasoned scientific advice. Finally, it recommended that the Congress recognize the need for such advice and strengthen those bodies that provide it.

Innovate america

Innovate America , a report of the National Innovation Initiative of the Council on Competitiveness, was made public in September 2004. Release of the report was followed by an Innovation Summit held in Washington on December 15, 2004. Council on Competitiveness, Innovate America: National Innovation Initiative Summit and Report (Washington, DC: Council on Competitiveness, 2005). The Initiative defined innovation as “the intersection of invention and insight, leading to the creation of social and economic value.” It grouped its recommendations under three headings:

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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