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Listing 5 . Copy collection elements into an array.
array = (JComponent[])ref.toArray(array);showArray(array,"New array contents");

The code in Listing 5 also causes the contents of the array to be displayed after it receives the elements from the collection.

The first statement in Listing 5 causes the first seven elements in the array to be overwritten with element values from the collection (plus one null value).

The second statement in Listing 5 causes the contents of the array to be displayed.

The toArray method

The most important thing to note about Listing 5 is that a reference to an array object is passed as a parameter to the toArray method. (The simpler version of the toArray method, discussed in the previous module, doesn'ttake any parameters.)

The essential difference

The essential difference between the two overloaded versions of the toArray method has to do with the origin of the array into which the toArray method copies the elements from the collection.

With the simpler version of the toArray method that takes no parameters. The toArray method creates a new array object of type Object , populates it, and returns that object's reference as type Object .

Type is not an issue for the simpler version

Since the new array object is of type Object , (when the rules for Generics are not adhered to) there are no issues regarding type compatibility between the type of the array and the types of theelements stored in the collection. A reference to an object of any type can be stored in an array of the generic type Object[] .

Size is not an issue for the simpler version

Also, since the array is created when it is needed by the simpler version of the toArray method, there are also no size issues. The array is created to be of the correct size to contain copies of all of the elements inthe collection.

More-complex version presents some issues

With the more-complex version of the toArray method (shown in Listing 5 ) , the programmer must provide the array object that will be populated by the toArray method. In this situation, there are size issues as well as type issues to be dealt with.

The type issue

Here is some of what the Oracle documentation for the LinkedList class has to say about the type issue for this version of the toArray method:

"Returns an array containing all of the elements in this list in the correct order. The runtime type of the returned array is that of thespecified array. ... Throws: ArrayStoreException - if the runtime type of (the specified array) is not a supertype of the runtime type of everyelement in this list.

In other words, the type of the array passed as a parameter to the toArray method must be a superclass of the classes from which all of the objects beingmanaged by the collection were instantiated.

Two types of objects in this collection

In this program, the collection is managing objects of the types JButton and JLabel . Each of these types is a subclass of the class named JComponent . For that reason, the type of array that I instantiated and passed to the toArray method is JComponent[] .

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
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