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Developing language skills: reading and writing

As a Physical Sciences educator you need to engage in the teaching of language. This is particularly important for learners for whom the Language of Learning and Teaching (LoLT) is not their home language. It is important to provide learners with opportunities to develop and improve their language skills in the context of learning Physical Sciences. It will therefore be critical to afford learners opportunities to read scientific texts, to write reports, paragraphs and short essays as part of the assessment, especially (but not only) in the informal assessments for learning.

Six main knowledge areas inform the Physical Sciences. These are:

  • Matter and Materials
  • Chemical Systems
  • Chemical Change
  • Mechanics
  • Waves, Sound and Light
  • Electricity and Magnetism

Time allocation of the physical sciences in the curriculum

The teaching time for Physical Sciences is 4 hours per week, with 40 weeks in total per grade. The time allocated for the teaching of content, concepts and skills includes the practical work. These are an integral part of the teaching and learning process.

Grade No. of Weeks Allocated Content, Concepts&Skills (Weeks) Formal Assessment
10 40 30 10
11 40 30 10
12 40 28 12

Topics and content to be dealt with in grade 10

(Consult the National Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement for Physical Sciences for an overview of Grades 10 - 12)

Topic Content
Mechanics Introduction to vectors&scalars; motion in one dimension (reference frame, position, displacement and distance, average speed, average velocity, acceleration, instantaneous velocity, instantaneous speed, description of motion in words, diagrams, graphs and equations).Energy (gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, mechanical energy, conservation of mechanical energy (in the absence of dissipative forces).
  • 30 hours
Waves, Sound&Light Transverse pulses on a string or spring (pulse, amplitude superposition of pulses); transverse waves (wavelength, frequency, amplitude, period, wave speed, longitudinal waves (on a spring, wavelength, frequency, amplitude, period, wave speed, sound waves); sound (pitch, loudness, quality (tone),ultrasound); electromagnetic radiation (dual (particle/wave); nature of electromagnetic (EM) radiation, nature of EM radiation, EM spectrum, nature of EM as particle – energy of a photon related to frequency and wavelength).
  • 16 hours
Electricity&Magnetism Magnetism (magnetic field of permanent magnets, poles of permanent magnets, attraction and repulsion, magnetic field lines, earth’s magnetic field, compass); electrostatics (two kinds of charge, force exerted by charges on each other (descriptive), attraction between charged and uncharged objects (polarisation), charge conservation, charge quantization ); electric circuits (emf, potential difference (pd), current, measurement of voltage (pd) and current, resistance, resistors in parallel).
  • 14 hours
Matter&Materials Revise matter and classification (materials; heterogeneous and homogeneous mixtures; pure substances; names and formulas; metals and non-metals; electrical and thermal conductors and insulators; magnetic and non magnetic materials); states of matter and the kinetic molecular theory; atomic structure (models of the atom; atomic mass and diameter; protons, neutrons and electrons; isotopes; energy quantization and electron configuration); periodic table (position of the elements; similarities in chemical properties in groups, electron configuration in groups); chemical bonding (covalent bonding; ionic bonding; metallic bonding); particles substances are made of (atoms and compounds; molecular substances and ionic substances).
  • 28 hours
Chemical Systems Hydrosphere
  • 8 hours
Chemical Change Physical and chemical change (separation by physical means; separation by chemical means; conservation of atoms and mass; law of constant composition; conservation of energy); representing chemical change (balanced chemical equations); reactions in aqueous solution (ions in aqueous solutions; ion interaction; electrolytes; conductivity; precipitation; chemical reaction types); stoichiometry (mole concept).
  • 24 hours

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Purification of water by natural plants and wetlands
Gift Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Physical science grade 10 teachers' guide - siyavula webbook. OpenStax CNX. Aug 10, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11342/1.1
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