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English home language

Grade 8

Towns and tourism

Module 12

To use language to think and reason

Activity 1:

To read for information

To use language to think and reason

[lo 3.1, 5.1]

  • Read the following passage carefully and then do the work that follows. You will be looking at tourism more closely in order to understand the activities that follow.

Holidays and Tourism

A brief history of tourism

The Romans probably started tourism in the 15th century, with their holiday villas in the Bay of Naples.

And then, in the 19th century, the education of the rich and privileged few was not complete without a Grand Tour of Europe’s cultural sites.

Things started to change for ordinary people in 1845 when Thomas Cook of England organized the first package tour. By 1939, an estimated one million people were travelling abroad for holidays each year.

However, it is in the last three decades of the 20th century that tourism has really taken off. Tourism has become industrialized: landscapes, cultures, cuisines and religions are consumer goods displayed in travel brochures.

Tourism today

Nowadays people in industrialized countries have a shorter working week, longer holidays and more money to spend on leisure. Many more people now own cars, which give them access to almost anywhere at any time they wish.

But greater leisure for everyone brings its own problems. People and their vehicles concentrate at scenic places along the coast or in the countryside, or at places offering leisure facilities and entertainment. The concentrations are most marked at weekends, at peak holiday times and

throughout the summer. Electricity and water consumption skyrocket and littering and pollution became a problem. Long traffic queues are common along well-used holiday routes with petrol fumes polluting the air.

Many people now take holidays in neighbouring countries and abroad. Tourism (catering for foreign visitors) is becoming more important in developing countries. These countries have come to see the importance of the money tourists spend and the part they play in creating jobs. Some countries have developed their tourist potential and they plan for tourist growth by building facilities, services and resorts.

  1. Your educator will help you to draw up a timeline summarizing the history of tourism.
  2. Give FOUR reasons why many more people are able to travel nowadays.
  3. Draw TWO columns in your workbook. Head these columns ADVANTAGES and DISADVANTAGES. Refer to the reading passage. Underline the main advantages and disadvantages of tourism stated in the passage. Write down the key words in the appropriate column.
  • Now, read the following dictionary extract in preparation for the questions that follow.

Holiday / ‘holi,dei, / n.&v. –n. 1 esp. Brit. (often in pl.) an extended period of recreation, esp. away from home or in travelling; a break from work (cf. VACATION). 2 a day of festivity or recreation when no work is done, esp. a religious festival, etc. 3 (attrib.) (of clothes etc.) festive. –v. intr. Esp. Brit. Spend a holiday. Holiday camp Brit. A camp for holiday-makers with accommodation, entertainment and facilities on site. Holiday centre a place with many tourist attractions. Holiday-maker esp. Brit. A person on holiday . On holiday (or one’s holidays ) in the course of one’s holiday. Take a (or make ) holiday have a break from work. (OE haligdaeg ) (HOLY, DAY)

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11041/1.1
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