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An economic system where most of the assets (money and land) are in privately owned hands. In a communist country it would be owned by the state.

Chinese competitorship

Because China has such a large population, human labour is extremely cheap. Items such as clothing in particular, is manufactured at very low costs. These cheap articles are sold across the world at very low prices. Local manufacturers cannot compete with these prices – hence the loss of business and eventually they have to close down their factories. People lose their jobs and in the process unemployment figures soar.

Activity 1:

To understand the meaning of the word depression

[lo 2.1]

Make a tick next to the correct meaning of the word Depression :

  • When there is no economic growth . . . .
  • When there is a world-wide crisis . . .
  • When there is a laxity in trade . . . .

A tip

• When the value of money decreases, we speak of the depreciation of a money unit.

• When we say someone suffers from depression, it means that a person is constantly feeling miserable, or not in good spirits. The person’s mood is very low. In that case someone is said to suffer from depression.

Therefore we can say that the economy is “depressed” of “down” when there is a depression.

Activity 2:

To determine what products are imported or exported

[lo 2.1]

In some cases South Africa produces enough food, to the effect that the country can also export some of it.

Tick the foodstuffs that are being imported or exported:

Product Export Import
Deciduous fruit
Dairy products


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 2
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of sustainable growth, reconstruction and development, and to reflect critically on related processes.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
2.1 collects information on the influence of apartheid economic policies on ownership , poverty , wealth and quality .
2.2 identifies steps required to redress socio- economic imbalances and poverty.


This learning unit offers guidelines to the learners which will enable them to attempt projects and tasks on some of the following:

  • affirmative action
  • trade agreements with other countries in Africa and elsewhere
  • the manufacturing industry in South Africa
  • Import of agricultural products from other countries (meat and dairy products from Australia and South America, wheat and maize from North America, etc.)

Activity 1

  • All three possibilities are correct.

The learners can do a group task on the Great Depression of 1929 and what the consequences were for the people of this country. Personal contributions of older members of the family would be invaluable.

Activity 2

  • South Africa’s main agricultural products are listed in the table. When there is a surplus, export to other countries might take place, and shortages might necessitate the import of products.

The trade balance might also require imports or exports to or from certain countries. Sometimes products are imported at lower prices than what local farmers can produce. At the present moment dairy products are more expensive than the imported products.

Farmers who produce deciduous fruit, on the other hand, get higher prices for their products on the overseas market because of the favourable exchange rate at the present moment.

It can therefore be said that the products in the table are sometimes exported, and sometimes imported.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11025/1.1
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