<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

English first additional language

Grade 6

Module 42

To use language for thinking

Activity 1:

To read non-fiction at an appropriate reading and language level [lo 3.7.1]

To answer and ask some complex questions [lo 5.2.1]

Read the following passage carefully, and then answer the questions in full sentences whenever possible.


Since the beginning of time the human race has been fascinated by fire, one of the elements of nature. Our ancestors knew nothing about fire. They thought it was something magical.

From the Greek mythology we learn that Zeus, the father of the gods, and also the god of thunder, became angry with mankind and as punishment he hid their most important tool, fire, from them. Prometheus, a demigod, decided that the punishment was too cruel to his human friends and in defiance to Zeus, he stole a lightning bolt from the heavens, thus returning fire to man.

During the Stone Age a caveman rubbed two stones together to see which would make the harder tool. The friction between the stones accidentally caused sparks and set fire to the grass nearby. Other ways to produce a spark were discovered by rubbing two dry sticks together, or to twist a dry twig very fast in a hollowed-out stone. The friction caused enough heat to produce sparks.

Mankind depended on fire to keep them warm and to cook their meals, but it also became a great enemy to man. History tells many stories of terrible fires. One of the earliest great fires destroyed the city of Troy and the worst destruction of books took place in Alexandria when the library burnt down. In 1666 a large part of London was devastated by fire.

On 1 February 2003 all seven astronauts died when their US space shuttle Columbia broke into pieces shortly before its scheduled landing. The accident was caused when the specially designed tiles were ripped off and the friction caused by this gave rise to an extreme rise in temperature.

  1. Name one of the other elements of nature, other than fire. (1)
  2. What is the meaning of the word mythology ? (1)
  3. What is the meaning of the word defiance ? (1)
  4. Can you think of another word that ends in –ology ? (1)
  5. Who was the father of the gods? (1)
  6. Explain the word demigod . (1)
  7. How did Prometheus return fire to mankind? (1)
  8. What is the opposite of the word harder ? (1)
  9. Why did man need fire? (1)

10. Name two instances where fire became an enemy of man. (2)

11. Find a word in the passage that has the same meaning as devastated .(1)

12. How was fire made in the Stone Age? Who still uses this technique today? (2)

13. Why was burning a library such a tragedy? (2)

TOTAL: (16)

Educator’s Assessment Chart:

Criteria 1 2 3 4
Reading Reads haltingly without phrasing, pausing and understanding Reads haltingly, but becoming aware of phrasing and pausing. Correct pace developing Good. Reads with correct phrasing, inflection and pace in most instances Excellent. Reads with correct phrasing, inflection and fluency, and is totally in control of pace
Answers to the text 0 – 4Unable to answer 5 – 8Requires prompting 9 – 12Good. Shows insight in most answers 13 – 16Excellent. Answers with full insight


LO 3
READING AND VIEWING The learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.
We know this when the learner:
3.1 understands some elements of stories:
3.1.1 understands title, setting and plot (e.g. says why things happened in the way they did);
3.1.3 identifies and discusses social and ethical issues in the story;
3.2 understands, in a simple way, some elements of poetry:
3.2.1 rhyme;
3.2.3 words which imitate their sound;
3.3 reads for information:
3.3.4 reads texts across the curriculum (History);
3.7 reads for pleasure:
3.7.1 reads much fiction and non-fiction at an appropriate reading and language level;
3.8 uses reference books and develops vocabulary:
3.8.2 uses a dictionary.
LO 5
THINKING AND REASONING The learner will be able to use language to think and reason, and access, process and use information for learning.
We know this when the learner:
5.1 uses language across the curriculum:
5.1.2 extracts information from materials used in History;
5.2 uses language for thinking:
5.2.1 answers and asks some more complex questions;
5.2.3 analyses the features of things in order to classify them;
5.2.6 expresses cause and effect;
5.2.7 discusses advantages and disadvantages and writes about them;
5.3 collects and records information in different ways:
5.3.1 carries out some simple research.


This activity focuses on reading and comprehension skills. Learners must read through the passage on fire and then answer the questions that follow. Educators can make use of this opportunity to assess some of the learners on their reading ability by asking them to read the passage aloud to the class. Once the passage has been read through at least twice, read through the questions with the learners and then allow them to complete the questions on their own. Remind them to make use of full sentences wherever possible.

  1. Another element of nature is water / wind / snow.
  2. The meaning of the word ‘mythology’ is ‘body of myths, especially relating to particular person or subject’.
  3. The meaning of the word ‘defiance’ is ‘challenge to fight or maintain or cause open disobedience’.
  4. Another word that ends in –ology is sociology / zoology / psychology.
  5. The father of the gods was Zeus.
  6. A ‘demigod’ is a ‘partly divine being, offspring of a god and mortal, person who seems to have god-like powers’.
  7. Prometheus stole a lightning bolt from heaven to return fire to mankind.
  8. The opposite of ‘harder’ is ‘softer’.
  9. Mankind needed fire to keep them warm and to allow them to cook their meals.
  10. Fire became an enemy of man when the city of Troy was destroyed and when a library burnt down in Alexandria.
  11. A word with the same meaning as ‘devastated’ is ‘destroyed’.
  12. In the stone-age, fire was made by rubbing two stones together to produce sparks, or by rubbing two dry sticks together. The Khoisan still use this method today.
  13. Learners must comment on the value of books.

Make use of the Educator’s Assessment Chart to complete your assessment.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10998/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'English first additional language grade 6' conversation and receive update notifications?