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English first additional language

Grade 8


Module 15


Activity 1:

To read a text (fiction)

Read for information

[lo 3.1, 3.4.3]

  • You are now going to look at three articles about some special days. It is important to be tolerant about the religions of others and to understand their religions.
  • Read the following passages, telling you about some celebrations, which are important to millions of people. Read them carefully and then answer the questions that follow:

Section 1: a look at an islamic holy day: ramadan

The Koran, the holy month of the fast – one of the five pillars of Islam, ordains Ramadan in the ninth month of the Islamic year, for all adult Muslims. According to the Koran, the fast of Ramadan has been instituted so that believers “may cultivate piety”.

The fast during Ramadan begins each day at dawn and ends immediately at sunset. During the fast, Muslims are forbidden to eat, drink or smoke. Before retirement each night, special congregational prayers are offered in which long passages of the Koran are recited. The night between the 26th and 27th days of Ramadan, on which the first revelation occurred, is called the Night of Determination, during which, according to the Koran, God determines the course of the world for the following year. The day after the end of Ramadan is called the Fast-Breaking and is celebrated with special prayers and festivities.

The first day of the tenth month, Shawwal, marks the end of the fast and is a day of great rejoicing. It is the major festival of the year and is variously known as “the great festival”, “the festival of the breaking of the fast” or simply “the festival” (al-eed).

1. What is the purpose of Ramadan?

2. During which hours do Muslims observe the fast?

3. What may Muslims not do during this time?

4. Why is it called the ‘Night of Dedication’?

5. How is the end of the fast celebrated?

Section 2: the history of a christian carol: silent night, holy night

Christmas is one of the most celebrated occasions for Christians. Many different traditions are followed in the world to celebrate this Christian festival. One tradition, attributed to almost all Christian cultures across the world – the singing of the carol, ‘Silent Night. Holy Night’, on Christmas Eve. Do you know where this carol originated? To find out, read the following extract from an article.

The Humble Beginnings of Silent Night

by Per Ola and Emily D’Aulaire

Snow fell softly onto the wooden and stone houses of Oberndorf, an Austrian village. The villagers had all decorated freshly hewn spruce trees with candles, fruit and nuts as they prepared for the holiest of nights. Soon bells would peal from Oberndorf’s modest church to announce Midnight Mass, and the faithful would celebrate the birth of Christ with prayer and song.

Within the Church of St Nicholas, however, the mood was hardly one of joy that Christmas Eve afternoon in 1818. Curate Joseph Mohr, 26, had just discovered that the organ was badly damaged. No matter how hard the pedals were pumped, he could coax only a scratchy wheeze from the ancient instrument. Mohr was desperate. By the time a repairman could reach the parish, Christmas would be long over. To the young curate, a Christmas without music was unthinkable.

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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