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Arts and culture

Grade 9

Creating, interpretation and presentation

Module 13

Planning a radio advertisement


This is your last Drama Activity for the year. You will be exploring the medium of Radio Broadcasting in this module. Your educator will give you the background to radio broadcasting in order for you to understand this form of performing art.

Radio broadcasting is focussed on the voice. Keep in mind that your audience is not able to see you, but can only hear you. You should still warm up your body and your voice before you can commence.

Activity 1:

To devise a routine to show to the class: the warm-up

[lo 1.6]

Here is your chance to conduct a warm-up routine – the way you would like to warm up your body and voice! Remember to warm up your voice properly!

Hints on preparing your warm-up routine:


  • the first priority of the actor is relaxation
  • the actor’s body and voice are his ‘instruments’
  • tension of any kind impairs performance
  • tension usually shows itself first in the voice, because of shallow breathing
  • start with the shoulders
  • move on to arms and hands
  • the torso is the centre of all movement, because it contains our breath
  • breathing exercises are essential
  • end this section with the legs, ankles and feet


  • posture must allow the free, expressive use of voice speech and movement
  • focus on keeping the shoulders straight, the abdomen from protruding, on breath control, etc.

Breathing and Voice:

  • good breathing is a fundamental requirement for voice production
  • all breathing exercises should be preceded by relaxation
  • the requirements for good voice production are relaxation, good posture, a plentiful supply of breath, controlled use of breathing by diaphragm and intercostal muscles, relaxed and unconstricted oral and pharyngeal resonators, and the formation of sounds well forward in the mouth to avoid a throaty tone and to assist projection
  • breathing must be done with the chest, by expanding the rib cage, and with the diaphragm

Hints on conducting a warm-up routine:

  • It is advisable to stand in front on the class when giving instructions.
  • Make sure your instructions are clear and audible.
  • Make sure your instructions are easy enough for the whole class to follow.
  • Demonstrate and explain each instruction before the class does the exercises.
  • Be creative.
  • Make it fun for yourself and the rest of the class.

Activity 2:

To participate in planning a radio advertisement

[lo 1.7]

Onwards, to your radio advertisement! You will be planning and producing a radio advertisement for the African Dance in Learning Unit 2, Grade 9 Module 4: Dance.

Keep in mind that you are going to be dealing with what your audience will HEAR. They cannot see you. Therefore you are reliant on your voice, music and special sound effects to produce a successful radio advertisement.

1. Sound effects

  • Produce various sound effects from objects found in the classroom.
  • Experiment and be creative.
  • Examples: rain, thunder, slamming doors, car slamming on brakes, tea being poured, wind, people walking, restaurant noises, jungle noises, etc.
  • Record the effects and play them back to the class.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11067/1.1
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