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Social sciences

Geography

Development issues

Grade 9

Module 5

The green revolution

The Green Revolution

The Green Revolution refers to a campaign that was launched over thirty years ago to dramatically increase food production. The term was created by the Agency for International Development in the USA in 1968. The term refers to the period from 1967 to 1978. Initially the focus fell on the expansion of land used for the cultivation of crops. During this time the production of crops such as rice and wheat was doubled. These products are known as staple foods – find out what this means and in which countries rice or wheat is used as staple foods. Eventually other methods and techniques were used to improve the production of crops. The next five points are important:

  • New crop cultivars
  • Irrigation
  • Fertilisers
  • Pesticides
  • Mechanisation

Activity 1:

To make a study of techniques used for increased agricultural production

[lo 2.1]

a) Write short notes on each technique, mentioning where it is applied – worldwide, as well as in your environment. Also briefly state its contribution to development. Try to bring along any visual material.

b) Write an essay or have a class discussion on what would happen if there is no more food left in the world or in our country.

c) What field of study would you follow if you want to make a contribution to solve these problems?

d) What career opportunities exist in this field?

e) Where is training in this field offered in our own country?

f) What is the role of farmers and farm workers regarding these issues, and what problems do they have to contend with?

  1. Ask somebody who lives on a farm to tell you more about it, or plan a trip to a farm or agricultural-technical institution where farmers or officials can offer more information.
  2. Would you consider becoming a farmer, farm manager, farm worker or agriculturalist?
  3. What are the challenges, advantages and disadvantages of the above?

The Green Revolution in India

The Green Revolution in India comprised three elements:

The continual expansion of farming areas

Doubling the output of crops on existing farmland

Making use of genetically improved seed

The Green Revolution led to a record wheat harvest in 1978 – 79, making India one of the largest agricultural producers.

The production of crops per agricultural land unit has increased by over 30% since the country became independent in 1947.

Genetically improved seed yielded very good results. Over 70% of the wheat crop, 35% of the rice crop and 20% of the manna- en grain crop came from genetically advanced seed.

The Green Revolution has led to the creation of job opportunities as the need for fertilisers and chemical substances increased, and more dams were built.

The Green Revolution transformed India from a famished nation into an exporter of food. What advantages did it hold for the country?

Lessons from the Green Revolution

Thee Green Revolution had its advantages, but certain lessons were also to be learned.

Activity 2:

To identify the most important lessons that the green revolution in india had taught us

[lo 1.5]

Read the text below and write a short paragraph on each of the lessons that had been learned.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11057/1.1
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