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Grade 4

The origins of the main religions of the world

Comparing the world’s main religions

Module 14

The different world religions are compared in the following tables. Conduct a class discussion on this.

Activity 1

To find and use sources for reporting on the different religions of the world [lo 1.3]

A)supply the religions to match the key, and use colour to indicate the different religions:


B)first study the table on each religion as a group after which a group discussion on the different religions is conducted.


  • What differences and similarities exist between Christians and Jews?
  • How would you recognise a synagogue?
  • What are kosher products?


  • What happens during Ramadan?
  • Why did Islam spread as rapidly and widely as it did?
  • Do Muslim people believe in Abraham, Moses and Jesus as prophets?


  • Why is vegetarianism common among Hindus?
  • What are incarnation and meditation?
  • What is the role of the gods in this religion?


  • What do you know about monasteries and monks?


  • Why was the Christian religion particularly acceptable to the poor at the beginning?
  • Why did Christianity spread so rapidly?


LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HISTORICAL ENQUIRY The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.3 communicates information from sources (reporting):

  • able to repeat stories verbally;
  • able to use a picture to tell a story.


(a) Buddhism; Christianity; Islam; Hinduism; Judaism

(b) Judaism

The Jews had two Holy Scriptures: the Tenakh (Old Testament) and the Thalmud (commentary on the Old Testament). Jews and Christians therefore share two thirds of the Bible.

  • The Jews firmly believe in God, the creator and maintainer of all things. God is almighty and holy (Deut. 6:4).

Jews do not believe that Jesus of Nazareth is the Messiah. He still has to come.

  • It is a Jewish building. It is square or rectangular. The Ark is found on the one side (rolls that contain the laws) facing towards Jerusalem.
  • Kosher means pure .


  • During the month of Ramadan , the month in which the Qur’an was revealed, it is expected of everybody (except the ill, the aged and small children) to fast from sunrise to sunset. During the night food and drink may be used. It teaches the Moslem people self-discipline, dependence and sensitivity towards the less privileged everywhere on Earth.
  • Strong leadership (Mohammed); appealing religion, because the responsibilities of believers are clearly stated.
  • The Moslem people believe that they pursue the same religion as Abraham, Jacob and Ishmael. The Islam recognizes the prophets of the Bible, and has a high esteem of Jesus as exceptional prophet and messenger. After God (Allah) revealed himself through the prophets (also Jesus) to the people, He revealed himself the clearest through Mohammed.


  • Various animal gods are worshipped, e.g. Hanumam (monkey of learning), Ganesha (with the head of an elephant and a trunk – the lord of the army), cow (honoured as a human being – the most exalted in creation).
  • Reincarnation : all living creatures return every time in a new form (eg. egg, worm, larvae, butterfly).


  • Literally millions of deities exist. Almost every plant, animal, river, or natural phenomena is honoured as a god. However, there are certain supreme beings such as Brahman (omnipresent and mighty ruler), Trimurti (consists of Brahma, Wisjnoe and Sjiwa).


  • Buddhism – monks live a simple life and sacrifice most of their belongings. They pray, teach and meditate and beg for their food.


  • The father of Jesus was a carpenter and his followers were ordinary people: craftsmen, traders, fishermen and tax collectors. The gospel of Jesus (preaching love, hope and salvation) attracted the poor and suppressed. He used stories about farming and daily events as parables to teach people spiritual truths.
  • There was a period of peace in the Roman Empire (Pax Romana). King Constantine legalized religious freedom in the roman Empire.
  • Greek as general vernacular was spoken because everybody understood it.
  • The translation of the Old Testament into Greek.
  • An excellent network of roads between the important cities – it encouraged people to travel.
  • There was a message of hope and liberation for everybody.
  • Devoted disciples and apostles (e.g. Paul) were prepared to die as martyrs for their religion.

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11089/1.1
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