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Grade 7


Module 10

What is electricity?


Electricity is a type of energy. An object has electrical energy when it has the ability to conduct electricity. Electricity is measured in Volts.

Electrical energy can be easily converted to other forms of electricity.

There are two main types of electricity:

  • main stream electricity
  • battery electricity


Electrical energy are stored in batteries. The energy in batteries are called chemical energy. When electrical energy moves, the electrons flows in an electrical circuit.

The basic elements of an electrical circuit is:

a source of energy e.g. a battery

Sketch Symbol

a conductor e.g. a sort of metal in the shape of a wire

Sketch Symbol

a switch to form an open or closed circuit

Sketch Symbol

a load e.g. a source of light, sound, motion or heat

Sketch Symbol
a light
a buzzer
an electrical motor

Two or more of the same component in an electric circuit can be connected in two different ways in the circuit;

  • in series where a positive pole of one cell is linked to the negative pole of another cell;
  • in parallel where all the positive poles of the cells are connected with one another and all the negative poles are also connected like this.

Advantage of cells in series – current supply becomes more powerful

Advantage of cells in parallel – the cells can produce the same current for longer.

To the teacher:

These worksheets should be done in groups. Each group can construct a different circuit and then explain it to the rest of the class before completing a worksheet. A class should be divided into 7 groups, because there are 7 worksheets. This would save a huge amount of time. Each group should construct a test circuit with a switch, 1,5 V lamp, lamp holder and a 1,5 V cell in a cell holder. First screw the holders and switch on the board, add the wire between them and then add the cell and lightbulb.

Equipment and tools needed:

  • 1,5 V batteries
  • 1.5 V light bulbs
  • light bulb holders
  • wire/flex
  • 7 strip connectors
  • battery holders
  • 7 switches
  • small screws
  • flat nose and star screwdrivers
  • 7 pieces of insulation board 150 mm by 150 mm
  • connectors
  • buzzers with a low voltage
  • diodes and resistors

Assignment 1:

To investigate by means of a simple practical test[lo 1.3]

To extract relevant data [lo 1.4.4]

To evaluate the system [lo 1.12]

To show knowledge and understanding of electric circuits [lo 2.2]


  • Connect one 1,5 V cell in a battery holder to a 1,5 V lamp in a lamp holder with wire and a switch on a piece of insulation board.
  • Make a simple drawing of the circuit.

1.3 Draw a circuit diagram of the circuit, using the correct symbols.

1.4 Underline:

The light bulb shines (very brightly/bright/dimly/ not at all).


2.1 Connect one 1,5 V cell in a cell holder to two 1,5 V lamps in two lamp holders in parallel using wire and adding a switch on a piece of insulation board.

  • Draw a circuit diagram of the circuit.
  • Unscrew one of the lamps from its holder. What happens to the other lamp? Explain why this happens.
  • Underline:

The light bulbs shine (very brightly/ brightly/ dimly/ not at all).

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11032/1.1
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