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English first additional language

Grade 9

‘paws and pollen’

Module 17

Proverbs and idioms

Activity 1:

To expand vocabulary

[lo 6.9]

Much vocabulary relates to animals and plants.

Read the following idioms and proverbs for a start.

In your group discuss what is meant by each of these sayings.

Take home those you are unsure of and see if your parents can help you.

To have green fingers
To hear through the grapevine
To be a dog in a manger
To be mutton dressed up as lamb
To be a wolf in sheep’s clothing
To have goose flesh
To reap what one sows
To take a horse to water but not to be able to make it drink
To cast pearls before swine
Not to count your chickens before they have hatched
To know that all his geese are swans
To have cooked his goose
Not being able to say “Boo” to a goose
To kill the goose that lays the golden egg
To pluck ones goose
What’s sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander
To be in the doghouse
To be as sick as a dog
To go to the dogs
To rain cats and dogs
To let the cat out of the bag
To put a cat among the pigeons
To be a rose among the thorns
To be a thorn in the flesh


Many countries have flowers or plants as their national symbols.

Can you match the following national flowers to their country?

C ountry S election
Lily (Fleur-de-lis) Scotland
Pomegranate France
Rose Ireland
Shamrock Canada
Thistle England
Sugar Maple Spain


If you could have a plant or flower to represent you, what would you choose and why would you choose that particular plant or flower?

Share your choice with the class. You can learn something about one another!

Activity 2:

To learn correct language structure and use

[lo 6.8]

Let us learn about language!

We are going to base our language exercises on the following article from the Your Family (June 2003):

Floral history

The earliest record of South African flora was made by Justus Heurnius, a Dutch missionary who collected and recorded plants in 1624 while the ship he was sailing on from Batavia to Holland took on fresh water in Cape Town.

By 1700, almost 1000 Cape plants had been recorded. One of the governors of the Cape, Ryk Tulbagh, a lover of wild flowers, was responsible for sending plants, bulbs and seeds from the Cape to Carl Linnaeus, the Swedish botanical expert, who devised the system by which all living things are named.

In 1772 Sir Joseph Banks, the acting director of Kew, before it became a public garden, sent Francis Masson to collect plants from South Africa. Masson sailed with Captain Cook to Cape Town, where he collected more than 400 species of plants, including seventy-nine different species of Proteas and fifty species of Cape Pelargoniums. It was Masson’s collections of Cape flora that gave Kew its reputation as a leading botanical institution.

South African plants also found their way to Australia aboard ships on their way to the ‘new colony’. These include Nerine, Gazanias, Ericas and Clivias, as well as weeds such as Oxalis and Kikuyu.


2. Let us revise the USES (FUNCTIONS) OF THE COMMA.

You would have noticed that the writer has made use of a number of commas . See how:

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11061/1.1
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