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Life orientation

Grade 4

Physical development and movement

Module 15

We learn while playing

Gymnastic exercises for body control

Activity 1

To do exercises for body control [lo 4.2]

Locomote: the carnival of the animals

Material : Cassette and CD player with music. ( The Carnival of the Animals by the composer Saint-Saëns is a good choice.)

When the music starts to play the learners imitate the movements of certain animals.

As soon as the music stops the learners must “freeze” until the music resumes.

Each time that the music starts up again, the learner has to imitate a different animal.

Examples of animals and their movements:

The bear: crawling on all fours.

Trotting horses: the knees are lifted high.

Frog jumping: hop from haunches to arms.

Flying birds: run about flapping the arms.

Rabbit hop: hop about on haunches without touching the ground with the hands.

Learners can be encouraged to create their own animals and movements.

At the end of the exercise the learners or the educator can select the learner who made the most interesting animal movements.

Activity 2

To play a roundabout game [lo 4.2]

Rotate: roundabout game

Material : Cassette and CD player with music. Any cheerful rhythmical music is suitable. Examples of slow and fast music can be alternated.

  • Learners make a wide circle – at least an arms’ length between two learners.
  • When the music starts to play the educator calls out one learner’s name.
  • The learner must immediately perform a rotating movement.
  • All the other learners must imitate the movement. Moving non-stop on one spot is also allowed.
  • The group must move to the other side whenever the music stops. It is important to keep the circle intact.

Examples of rotation motion:

  • The windmill: Swing the arms up and down whilst turning all the time.
  • The top: Spin rapidly.
  • The rocking horse: Lie on your stomach. Clasp the ankles with the hands so that your back is bent (you are like a boat) and sway backwards and forwards.
  • The cradle: Sit with your knees bent and clasp your legs tightly with both arms. Sway forwards and backwards as far as possible.

Encourage creative movements but stop uncontrolled wild movements that can cause injuries immediately.

Activity 2

To perform circus stunts [lo 4.2]

Elevate: circus stunts/positions

  • Divide the learners into pairs.
  • Learners are given three minutes to work out a circus position.
  • During the stunt neither of the two learners may touch the ground with any part of the body.
  • Learners must create a name for their position.
  • After three minutes each pair is given a chance to demonstrate their position/stunt to the rest of the class. The class then votes for the best/funniest/most interesting position or stunt.

Examples of circus stunts/positions:

The double crab position : Learner A stands on all fours in an inverted position (i.e. with the abdomen facing the sky) and learner B stands in the same position but with his/her feet on learner A’s knees and his/her hands on B’s shoulders.

The double-decker bus position : Learner A stands on the ground on all fours and learner B on all fours with his/her knees on A’s back and his/her hands on learner A’s shoulders.

The helicopter position : Learner A lies on his back with his/her legs in the air. Learner B lies with his/her abdomen on learner A’s feet while stretching the body and with arms pointing forwards.

Activity 3

To perform balancing acts [lo 4.2]

Balance: pyramids

  • Learners are divided into groups of 3 - 5.
  • Learners must think of a pyramid position in which balancing plays an important part.
  • Groups are allowed five minutes to plan and execute a position.
  • Each group has a chance to display their pyramid.
  • Marks out of ten can be allocated by the learners or the teacher.

Examples of possible pyramid positions:

  • Two learners stand on all fours with the soles of their feet touching. The third learner balances by standing with one foot on the backs of each of the other two learners, and stretching his/her arms towards the sky.
  • Five learners balance in a fanned out position with their feet touching. Learners one and five touch the ground with one hand. The group form a “protractor” with the ground.

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 4: PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AND MOVEMENT

The learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of, and participate in, activities that promote movement and physical development.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

4.2 demonstrates different ways to locomote, rotate, elevate and balance, using various parts of the body, with control.

Questions & Answers

what's economic development and growth
Popoola Reply
what do you understand by Ceteris Paribus?
Gabriel Reply
explain the uses of microeconomics
Nikita Reply
uses of microeconomics
Nikita
Adam Smith's definition of economics
Sylvia Reply
what is economic deficit
Amjad
this is a situation whereby a nation's outcome or available resources are not enough to the people thereby causing scarcity
Ariel
prices of Quality demanded is equal to Quality supplied
NABUBOLO Reply
it's quantity demand and quantity supplied that's called equilibrium
Romy
no
NABUBOLO
they deal With prices
NABUBOLO
define the elasticity
NABUBOLO
explain different types of elasticity
NABUBOLO
oops 😬 you are right you talk about quality I tell about quantity
Romy
elasticity is the measurement of the percentage change of one economic variable in response to a change in another
Romy
Cross Elasticity of Demand (XED) Income Elasticity of Demand (YED) Price Elasticity of Supply (PES)
Romy
anything else?
Romy
I need to know everything about theory of consumer behavior
Grace
How does one analyze a market where both demand and supply shift?
Gabriel Reply
That's equilibrium market
Ramon
but an equlibrum can appear twice on the same market... both in Movement along the Demand/supply curve of shift in the Curve
Gabriel
I Mean on the same curve..
Gabriel
how can consumer surplus be calculated
Franklyn
How can we analyze the effect on demand or supply if multiple factors are changing at the same time—say price rises and income falls? 
Gabriel Reply
because of fall of income, less will be demanded and much will be supply as a result of price rises. Rise in price always motivate new supplier to enter into the system. But it only possible in the short run
Kweku
yeah.. I think Ceteris Paribus is applied in this case
Gabriel
that is the law of Demand is Inversely related to the law of Supply... so that mean a positive change in demand may produce a negative return to supply I think.
Gabriel
what are the difference between Wants and Needs
Gabriel Reply
When the price is above the equilibrium, explain how market forces move the market price to equilibrium. Do the same when the price is below the equilibrium.
Gabriel
economic problems
Manishankar
yeah please Explain
Gabriel
I don't know this is my question
Manishankar
no it was a mistake...😂😂 can you explain how Wants and needs differs 😌
Gabriel
wants is what human desire but might not need them, human want are mostly articles of ostentatious while need is what human must get to live e.g inferior goods
Ramon
what's equilibrium price
james
equilibrium prices is a situation whereby the price of goods supplied equates to the demand
Ariel
this whereby the prices of quality demanded is equivalent to quality demanded
NABUBOLO
wants are numerous desire man that man can do without if not purchased e.g. cosmetic while need are desires that you cannot do without e.g. food
Franklyn
equilibrium price is that level of output were quantity demanded is equal to quantity supplied
Arthur
what are the importance of studying economics
Bherla Reply
To know if the country is growing or not through the country's GDP
Ariel
to manage our resources
TOBI
compare base years GDP and the current years GDP
james
To tell whether a country is growing there are many factors to be considered not necessarily only the GDP due to weaknesses of GDP approach
james
What is the law of demand
Yaw Reply
price increase demand decrease...price decrease demand increase
Mujahid
ıf the price increase the demand decrease and if the demand increase the price decrease
MUBARAK
all other things being equal, an increase in demand causes a decrease in supply and vice versa
SETHUAH
yah
Johnson
how is the economy of usa now
Johnson
What is demand
jude Reply
Demand is the quantity of goods and services a consumer is willing and able to purchase at various prices over a given period of time.
Yaw
yea
SETHUAH
Okay congratulations I'll join you guys later .
Aj
yes
MUBARAK
demand is the quantity and quality of goods and services a consumer is willingly and able to purchase at a particular price over a given period of time.
TOBI
calculate elasticity of income exercises
HABANABAKIZE Reply
If potatoes cost Jane $1 per kilogram and she has $5 that could possibly spend on potatoes or other items. If she feels that the first kilogram of potatoes is worth $1.50, the second kilogram is worth$1.14, the third is worth $1.05 and subsequent kilograms are worth $0.30, how many kilograms of potatoes will she purchase? What if she only had $2 to spend?
Susan Reply
cause of poverty in urban
DAVY Reply
QI: (A) Asume the following cost data are for a purely competitive producer: At a product price Of $56. will this firm produce in the short run? Why Why not? If it is preferable to produce, what will be the profit-maximizing Or loss-minimizing Output? Explain. What economic profit or loss will the
Falak Reply
While the American heart association suggests that meditation might be used in conjunction with more traditional treatments as a way to manage hypertension
Beverly Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11094/1.1
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