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Social sciences: history

Grade 5

An early african community: people of s.a.

Module 10

Early cape homes and pioneering homes

Activity 1:

Finding information about early cape homes and reporting results

[lo 2.2; 2.3]

In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck had the fort of Good Hope (De Goede Hoop) built at the Cape of clay and wood. At the beginning, the Dutch mainly lived in the fort, but they soon started building their own individual homes.

The Fort

The earliest homes had few rooms and the walls were built of clay or rough stones. The walls were plastered, using clay mixed with seashells, and thatched roofs covered the houses. The loft gable (a "leg of mutton" gable with a small window) kept rain from dripping onto the stoep right by the door.

Sparks from the chimney frequently set fire to the thatched roofs, so owners had to pay two shillings in tax for each of the chimneys of a house! In time, lofts were provided with special floors to prevent fires.

Some historians have suggested that the gables also prevented burning thatch from falling at the entrance to the house.

  1. With the development of technology, stars, hearts, fruit, animals and plants were used as elements to decorate the front gables of Cape Dutch homes. Explain the reasons for this to a partner.

Because of the fire hazard that was part of thatch-roofed houses, people who lived in Cape Town towards the end of the eighteenth century began to build flat-roofed houses. These houses frequently had two or more storeys.

A thatch-roofed house

A flat-roofed house

Activity 2:

To differentiate between the pioneering homes of the different periods

[lo 2.3]

A ‘Hartbees-huisie’

“Cattle farmers usually lived in small, simple, thatched houses. They used a framework of young, supple branches that were set into the ground in straight lines and were bent towards each other at the top. Clay and sturdy reeds, hard rushes ("biesies" in Afrikaans), were used to fill in the walls. This gave rise to the name "hartebeeshuis".

A saddle-roofed house

Saddle-roofed houses consisting of a pitched roof of reeds placed on the ground were also used. Seventy or so of these houses can be seen near Riversdale (in the Southern Cape) where they have been built to look out over the sea. This site has been declared an open-air museum and national monument.

a) Conduct a class discussion on the following sketches representing different historical periods.

Which similarities (boys) and differences (girls) are evident when you examine the different periods? (Suggestion: First arrange these pictures chronologically.)

[LO 2.3]

Activity 3:

To differentiate between periods by identifying houses built according to the british style

[lo 2.3]

George III was reigning as king in Britain when the British took control of the Cape for the first time in 1795. The style of building that they were using at the time was known as the Georgian style.

The houses usually had three storeys, were built of bricks and whitewashed, and were decorated with lime-plaster (stucco). The impressive windows were large and glazed, and the window frames were painted green.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
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what is the stm
Brian Reply
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What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
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Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
in a comparison of the stages of meiosis to the stage of mitosis, which stages are unique to meiosis and which stages have the same event in botg meiosis and mitosis
Leah Reply
Researchers demonstrated that the hippocampus functions in memory processing by creating lesions in the hippocampi of rats, which resulted in ________.
Mapo Reply
The formulation of new memories is sometimes called ________, and the process of bringing up old memories is called ________.
Mapo Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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