<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Social sciences: history

Grade 5

An early african community: people of s.a.

Module 10

Early cape homes and pioneering homes

Activity 1:

Finding information about early cape homes and reporting results

[lo 2.2; 2.3]

In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck had the fort of Good Hope (De Goede Hoop) built at the Cape of clay and wood. At the beginning, the Dutch mainly lived in the fort, but they soon started building their own individual homes.

The Fort

The earliest homes had few rooms and the walls were built of clay or rough stones. The walls were plastered, using clay mixed with seashells, and thatched roofs covered the houses. The loft gable (a "leg of mutton" gable with a small window) kept rain from dripping onto the stoep right by the door.

Sparks from the chimney frequently set fire to the thatched roofs, so owners had to pay two shillings in tax for each of the chimneys of a house! In time, lofts were provided with special floors to prevent fires.

Some historians have suggested that the gables also prevented burning thatch from falling at the entrance to the house.

  1. With the development of technology, stars, hearts, fruit, animals and plants were used as elements to decorate the front gables of Cape Dutch homes. Explain the reasons for this to a partner.

Because of the fire hazard that was part of thatch-roofed houses, people who lived in Cape Town towards the end of the eighteenth century began to build flat-roofed houses. These houses frequently had two or more storeys.

A thatch-roofed house

A flat-roofed house

Activity 2:

To differentiate between the pioneering homes of the different periods

[lo 2.3]

A ‘Hartbees-huisie’

“Cattle farmers usually lived in small, simple, thatched houses. They used a framework of young, supple branches that were set into the ground in straight lines and were bent towards each other at the top. Clay and sturdy reeds, hard rushes ("biesies" in Afrikaans), were used to fill in the walls. This gave rise to the name "hartebeeshuis".

A saddle-roofed house

Saddle-roofed houses consisting of a pitched roof of reeds placed on the ground were also used. Seventy or so of these houses can be seen near Riversdale (in the Southern Cape) where they have been built to look out over the sea. This site has been declared an open-air museum and national monument.

a) Conduct a class discussion on the following sketches representing different historical periods.

Which similarities (boys) and differences (girls) are evident when you examine the different periods? (Suggestion: First arrange these pictures chronologically.)

[LO 2.3]

Activity 3:

To differentiate between periods by identifying houses built according to the british style

[lo 2.3]

George III was reigning as king in Britain when the British took control of the Cape for the first time in 1795. The style of building that they were using at the time was known as the Georgian style.

The houses usually had three storeys, were built of bricks and whitewashed, and were decorated with lime-plaster (stucco). The impressive windows were large and glazed, and the window frames were painted green.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Social sciences: history grade 5' conversation and receive update notifications?