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English first additional language

Grade 6

Module 18

To develop vocabulary

Activity 1:

To develop vocabulary

[lo 6.4.2]

Most of the animals that we are discussing in this module make a noise of some sort! When the words used to describe these noises, sound similar to the noises they describe, it is called onomatopoeia . We are going to learn about these words now.

Match the animals with the sound they make. Write the correct answers, in full sentences, on the lines below.

  1. sheep
  1. bray
  1. snakes
  1. trumpet
  1. turkeys
  1. bleat
  1. donkeys
  1. purr
  1. elephants
  1. howl
  1. cats
  1. hiss
  1. pigs
  1. croak
  1. wolves
  1. chatter
  1. frogs
  1. grunt
  1. monkeys
  1. gobble
1. A sheep 6.
2. 7.
3. 8.
4. 9.
5. 10.

That was good work! Let us build on your vocabulary a little more.

When we speak about animals, we use different words to refer to the male, female and babies in the animal family. Complete the below, using the words provided:

Animal Male Female Baby
Pig boar piglet
Cow cow calf
Sheep ram lamb
Dog dog bitch
Hen hen chicken
Horse stallion mare
Elephant bull calf
Lion lion lioness
Swan cob pen
Goose goose gosling

Choose the words from this table. Cross them out as you fill them into the table above.

Sow cub puppy
rooster ewe gander bull
Foal cow cygnet
Criteria 1 2 3 4
Matching of correct vocabulary Poor, assistance required In some contexts only Good Excellent
Thoroughness Poor effort, lack of interest Lack of consistent effort, interest waning Thorough, tackled with interest Extremely thorough, enthusiastically tackled
Neatness Untidy Presentation inconsistent, greater care needed Good presentation Excellent presentation, great care taken


LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.
We know this when the learner:
6.2 uses language forms and structures to communicate orally and in writing:
6.2.4 uses comparatives;
6.4 develops own vocabulary:
6.4.2 recognises words which sound the same but are spelled differently;
6.4.4 understands between 4 000 and 5 500 common spoken words in context by the end of grade 6.


This activity focuses on the sounds that animals make. Ensure that learners understand the word ONOMATOPOEIA.

(Words that sound similar to the sound they describe.) The learners are given two lists – they must match the correct sound to the animal that makes that sound. Go through the list with the learners before they begin. Talk about the sound of the words and what each one means. (This could get a little noisy as the learners experiment with the sounds!)

1. A sheep BLEATS. 6. Cats PURR.
2. Snakes HISS. 7. Pigs GRUNT.
3. Turkeys GOBBLE. 8. Wolves HOWL.
4. Donkeys BRAY. 9. Frogs CROAK.
5. Elephants TRUMPET. 10. Monkeys CHATTER.

The next part of the activity is still focused on developing vocabulary, but this time we are looking at the words used to refer to males, females and babies in the animal families. The learners are provided with the words they need and must match the correct word with the correct family. Once again, this could be done individually or in partners. Learners must understand that when they work together, they have to agree on an answer that they will both use. If this answer is wrong, they will both be affected in the assessment. It is one of the difficult lessons to learn when working with another person or in a group.

Animal Male Female Baby
Pig boar SOW piglet
Cow BULL cow calf
Sheep ram EWE lamb
Dog dog bitch PUPPY
Hen ROOSTER hen chicken
Horse stallion mare FOAL
Elephant bull COW calf
Lion lion lioness CUB
Swan cob pen CYGNET
Goose goose GANDER gosling

Make use of the Assessment Chart at the end of the activity once you have marked the answers. Be sure to point out to the learners that they will be assessed on neatness and thoroughness.

Questions & Answers

how environment affect demand and supply of commodity ?
Amos Reply
Wht at the criteria for market ?
what is difference between monitory policy and fiscal policy?
Malik Reply
monetary policy is a policy thrust by National Govt(CBN) to influence government spending, purchase &taxes
necessity of economics
Pamela Reply
I will say want,choice,opportunity cost,scarcity,scale of preference
what is monopoly market.How price output are determined under monopoly market
b) Monopoly market is an impecfect market where s single firm having the innovation to produce a particular commodity.Prices are determined through output since there are no other competitive.
Monopoly market:firm has market power & does not respond to market price
Explain the process of price determination under perfect competition market with suitable diagram
bisham Reply
Price determination under perfect competition via this process :firms have no market power to influence price rather firms respond to market price.
price is different from demand- demand is amount of commodity
Effah Reply
demand is amount /quantity of commodity a potential buyer is willing to buy at a given price at market
demand is a desire of customer on commodity with the ability to pay it and willing to buy it at given price of commodity
demand is price of what
Faith Reply
show that shortrun average cost
Baby Reply
what is economics
Mbah Reply
what is money
what is money
Difine macro economics
money is a medium of exchange between goods and services,maybe inform of currency.
Economics is study of how human beings strive to satisfy numerous wants using limited available resources.
how do you find the maximum number of workers the firms should employ order to produce where there are increasing returns
what are implications of computing national income?.
what is the formulae for calculating national income
it calculated by value added method
classify the production units like agriculture, banking, transport etc
money is anything that is generally acceptetable for human
Estimate the net value added(NVA) at fixed cost by each industrial structure
definition of unemployment
Adam Reply
what are the causes of unemployment?
Mbubi Reply
The main causes of unemployment are listed below. 1. Frictional unemployment 2. Cyclical unemployment 3. Structural unemployment
We can also categorize the causes on a broader sense as: 1. Political and 2. Social cause As unemployeement root causes are embaded in this two.
would opportunity cost exist if there was no scarcity?
yes just because the opportunity cost arose when there is Alternative to choose among the alternatives.
I am thinking that, if our resources were unlimited, then there wouldn't be any need to forgo some wants. Hence the inexistence if opportunity cost
politics has done what?
consider time assani
I'm Emmanuel,...I taught the main cause is the change in gov't.
...Lack of capital to set up a firm respectively
I would like to bring in Educational levels can also be the cause the cause of the problem respectively
lack of skills among the new generation is the serious issue.
Where I come from , I don't see why education or personal aspects seem to do with unimployment, technically the motivation and eigerness in all works of live is there , dispite the cultural influence and physical bearriors;the thing we lacking is Government Support and open market ethics.
sorry about that-(repation). We have a over powering ethical political system that's displacing the marketing asspects of economy and causing large scale unemployment right across the board...
can someone Explain Expansionary Monetary Policy and Contractionary Monetary Policy Using one of the instrument of Monetary Policy? Please am kinda lost here?. ta
Emmanuel Reply
using a graph show the case of substitute and compliment goods
Ade Reply
can anyone give me a simple explanation to Five Sector Macroeconomics?
Can someone please define what economics is
jason Reply
economics simply is a social science subject that study human behavior.
economics is a social science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means that has alternative uses
Can someone please tell me how to calculate GDP
emmanual kapal to calculate GDP (Gross Domestic Product) has three method in calculating it (1)income approach (2) expenditure approach (3) value added method
thanks Alae
u are welcome
in basic terms economics is revered to as battery system, it date back to when Men sees the need to exchange sapless goods and produce to gain , either wealth , basic necessities or to establish trading ties for personal benefit or social asspects in terms of coexistence and continuity, future .
what is the law of demand
Berlinda Reply
keep other thing constant, when the price increases demand decrease when the price decreases demand increases of the commodity.
all things being equal,quantity demanded decrease as price increase and increase as price decrease
there's practial joke to it ..." the higher the demand ; scarcity, increase in production and drop in quality"... quite the controversy - for example China vs Europe, United States and we are all boxed up in between somewhere...
Other thing remain constant the low price of commodity the high quantity of commodity and vice versa is true
Explain Effective demand
Anita Reply
What is effective demand
like Modi is in demand...best example of effective demand
Don't get you
Anita you mean you don't get me or who?
level of demand that represents a real intention to purchase by people with the means to pay
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10998/1.1
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