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English first additional language

Grade 6

Module 18

To develop vocabulary

Activity 1:

To develop vocabulary

[lo 6.4.2]

Most of the animals that we are discussing in this module make a noise of some sort! When the words used to describe these noises, sound similar to the noises they describe, it is called onomatopoeia . We are going to learn about these words now.

Match the animals with the sound they make. Write the correct answers, in full sentences, on the lines below.

  1. sheep
  1. bray
  1. snakes
  1. trumpet
  1. turkeys
  1. bleat
  1. donkeys
  1. purr
  1. elephants
  1. howl
  1. cats
  1. hiss
  1. pigs
  1. croak
  1. wolves
  1. chatter
  1. frogs
  1. grunt
  1. monkeys
  1. gobble
1. A sheep 6.
2. 7.
3. 8.
4. 9.
5. 10.

That was good work! Let us build on your vocabulary a little more.

When we speak about animals, we use different words to refer to the male, female and babies in the animal family. Complete the below, using the words provided:

Animal Male Female Baby
Pig boar piglet
Cow cow calf
Sheep ram lamb
Dog dog bitch
Hen hen chicken
Horse stallion mare
Elephant bull calf
Lion lion lioness
Swan cob pen
Goose goose gosling

Choose the words from this table. Cross them out as you fill them into the table above.

Sow cub puppy
rooster ewe gander bull
Foal cow cygnet
Criteria 1 2 3 4
Matching of correct vocabulary Poor, assistance required In some contexts only Good Excellent
Thoroughness Poor effort, lack of interest Lack of consistent effort, interest waning Thorough, tackled with interest Extremely thorough, enthusiastically tackled
Neatness Untidy Presentation inconsistent, greater care needed Good presentation Excellent presentation, great care taken


LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.
We know this when the learner:
6.2 uses language forms and structures to communicate orally and in writing:
6.2.4 uses comparatives;
6.4 develops own vocabulary:
6.4.2 recognises words which sound the same but are spelled differently;
6.4.4 understands between 4 000 and 5 500 common spoken words in context by the end of grade 6.


This activity focuses on the sounds that animals make. Ensure that learners understand the word ONOMATOPOEIA.

(Words that sound similar to the sound they describe.) The learners are given two lists – they must match the correct sound to the animal that makes that sound. Go through the list with the learners before they begin. Talk about the sound of the words and what each one means. (This could get a little noisy as the learners experiment with the sounds!)

1. A sheep BLEATS. 6. Cats PURR.
2. Snakes HISS. 7. Pigs GRUNT.
3. Turkeys GOBBLE. 8. Wolves HOWL.
4. Donkeys BRAY. 9. Frogs CROAK.
5. Elephants TRUMPET. 10. Monkeys CHATTER.

The next part of the activity is still focused on developing vocabulary, but this time we are looking at the words used to refer to males, females and babies in the animal families. The learners are provided with the words they need and must match the correct word with the correct family. Once again, this could be done individually or in partners. Learners must understand that when they work together, they have to agree on an answer that they will both use. If this answer is wrong, they will both be affected in the assessment. It is one of the difficult lessons to learn when working with another person or in a group.

Animal Male Female Baby
Pig boar SOW piglet
Cow BULL cow calf
Sheep ram EWE lamb
Dog dog bitch PUPPY
Hen ROOSTER hen chicken
Horse stallion mare FOAL
Elephant bull COW calf
Lion lion lioness CUB
Swan cob pen CYGNET
Goose goose GANDER gosling

Make use of the Assessment Chart at the end of the activity once you have marked the answers. Be sure to point out to the learners that they will be assessed on neatness and thoroughness.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10998/1.1
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