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  • Zimbabwe
  • USA
  • France
  • Congo
  • Argentine
  • Japan
  • Russia

Activity 3:

To conduct a class discussion on the rsa as a developing country

[lo 2.1]

the RSA is a third world and developing country and should be managed accordingly

Discuss this statement. Give reasons why you agree or disagree with this statement, and explain how you reached your conclusion.


Learning outcomes (LO)
LO 1
GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH The learner can apply research skills to study geographical and environmental concepts and processes.
Assessment standards(AS)
This is clear when the learner:
1.3 analyses and makes inferences from sources such as photo’s, maps, atlases, graphs and statistics [working with sources];
1.5 recognises information in the field and records it [working with sources];
1.7 reports and formulates knowledge obtained during the research by means of an argument and interpretation based on sources of information; uses maps, diagrams and graphics; uses, where necessary, computers in the presentation [communicating the answer].
LO 2
GEOGRAPHICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING The learner can demonstrate geographical and environmental knowledge and understanding.
This is clear when the learner:
2.1 gives a well-argued explanation of some approaches to development [people and places];
2.2 identifies ways in which Science and Technology have a positive and a negative influence on development [people and resources];
2.3 explains how sustainable [people and environment development can have a positive influence on people, places and environments].

L O 3

EXPLORING THE ISSUES The learner can take informed decisions on social and environmental issues and problems

This is clear when the learner:

  1. identifies social and environmental conflicts in South Africa and compares it with other contexts [identifies the issue];

3.2 identifies factors that have an influence on selected social and environmental disputes, including those regarding rights; gender; social, economical and political claims within a specific context [factors affecting the issues];

  1. analyses the reason for disputes or conflicts [makes choices];

3.4 takes informed decisions on various solutions to social and environmental conflicts [makes choices].



Developed: Countries who have achieved a high level of economic and social development.

Characteristics: First World, industrialised, high income, north of the equator, high level of human development, economically developed, owners and wealthy

Examples: Most European countries, USA, Switzerland, Japan, etc.

Developing : Countries who are still in the process of developing economically and socially. Some parts of the country may have developed fully, while other parts are still totally underdeveloped.

Characteristics: Third World, non-industrialised, low income, south of the equator, limited human development, less economically developed countries, non-owners and poor.

Examples: South Africa, certain South American countries and countries in Asia, African countries such as Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, DRC, etc.

Sustainable development:

It entails the discerning utilisation of natural resources. Development must attend to the

present need for prosperity and at the same time pay attention to conservation with a view to

the future. Must not be detrimental to the environment and must protect the interests of future


Building stones for sustainability:

Take the following factors into consideration: people, earth and prosperity. Three important building stones: economic growth, social responsibility and maintaining an ecological balance. The success or lack of it, when implementing a sustainable development strategy, depends largely on the extent to which a government succeeds in alleviating poverty.


Definition: The process when an increasing number of people leave the rural areas to settle in the cities.

Opinion: Consider the following:

Causes problems for the rural areas

Social and economic problems

Also urban problems such as over-population, unemployment, squatting, various shortages, crime, etc.

Solution: Decentralising industries, job creation, resettlement of people in rural areas, housing projects, implementing minimum wages, RDP projects, etc.

Depopulation of rural areas:

Definition: Process when people leave rural areas. Growing process, especially in developing and developed countries.

Results: Deterioration of towns, buildings and services. Schools, business enterprises, etc. close down, Economic and cultural deterioration and decay.

Solution: Create job opportunities, tourism, decentralisation, resettlement initiatives, etc.

First World:

Examples: Mainly countries north of the Sahara

Europe ( North and Central), USA, China, Japan, etc.

Norway. Sweden, Australia, Canada, Netherlands, England, Germany, etc.

Reasons: Fully developed economically, politically and socially .Growth rate low, mortality rate low, life expectancy of people high, per capita income of people high, etc.

Third World :

Examples: Mainly Sub-Sahara

Most countries in Africa, South American countries, parts of Asia, etc.

Sierra Leone, Niger, Mali, Mozambique, Ethiopia, DRC, etc.

Reasons: Not yet fully developed, or must still develop. Refer to previous answer: opposite.


Developed: USA











Consider the following:


Contains elements of both.

Economically well developed.

Consider mining. Of seven of the ten most important minerals in the world South Africa is the top producer.

Secondary activities contribute extensively to the GNP.

Apartheid has left scars.

Large backlogs amongst the largest part of the population. Expand on this.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11057/1.1
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