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Arts and culture

Grade 4

Personal and social skills

Module 1

Visual arts: colour

Visual arts: colour

Activity 1 (individual/group work)

To be introduced to the primary colours [lo 3.7]

  • On a clean sheet of paper draw three columns and write down the names of the following three colours at the top of the columns: column 1 – YELLOW , column 2 – RED , column 3 – BLUE.
  • Now look around you, both inside and outside the classroom, and write down the names of all the objects that have those colours. Look on your educator’s table, at the clothes of everyone in the classroom, the things in your pencil case or school case, at the things lying on your own desk, posters against the walls, anything outside the classroom – in the sky, etc.
  • The class must be divided into three groups – a yellow group, a red group and a blue group. Learners in the yellow group must now only work with yellow.
  • If you belong to the yellow group, for example, you must together make ONE list of all the objects, at least twenty, that are yellow .
  • Next you must draw a circle around all the objects on your lists that are a light yellow (or light red, or light blue). These light colours are tints . Around the objects that are dark yellow (or dark red, or dark blue) you must draw a square. These dark colours are shades .
  • These three colours, yellow, red and blue, are called PRIMARY COLOURS . All other colours are a mixture of these three colours. Remember that yellow, red and blue cannot be mixed or created – they are used to mix all the other colours.
  • In the next activity we are going to learn how to make the primary colours lighter or darker, but we must first allow each group to complete the following questionnaire:


  1. With which primary colour is your group working?
  1. How many other primary colours are there? Name them.
  1. What do we call a lighter version of your colour?
  1. Describe how you would make a shade of your colour.
  1. Look at the drawing below and then answer the questions:

  1. Where does the light come from?
  1. On what side of the face is the light falling?
  1. If the face were only painted with blue, how would we show where the light falls?
  1. How will we show where the shadows (they are away from the light) are?
  1. Name three other objects in the class where light and shadows are falling.

Activity 2: (individual within a group)

To learn to create tints and shades [lo 3.7]

  • You must continue to work in your colour group. On your own, use a scale like the one below to first mix your group’s colour with white and then with black. A scale of tints (the colour mixed with white) and shades (the colour mixed with black) is created.
  • The colour of your group is painted in the middle block. In the four blocks to the left, your colour is mixed with increasing amounts of white and the colour becomes lighter to the left of the scale ( tints ). In the four blocks to the right, your colour is mixed with increasing amounts of black and will become darker to the right of the scale ( shades ).

Example of scale

Yellow mixed with white Yellow mixed with black
This should almost be white Add even more white Add some more white Add some white Primary YELLOW Add some black Add some more black Add even more black This should almost be black

Activity 3: (group work / individual)

To make a collage [lo 3.7]

  • Take an old magazine and tear out all the tints (light) and shades (dark) of your group’s primary colour (yellow, red or blue) – as much as possible!
  • In your group make a drawing of a simple landscape or nature scene with, for example, a tree, flowers, a mountain, the sun, et cetera.
  • Now, as a group, you must use your pieces of paper to make a landscape (trees, mountains, clouds, rocks, all the exciting things we see outside or in the veld). You can tear the paper into smaller pieces or use a couple of pieces to make something. Such a picture we call a ‘collage’.

  • Now you must take a clean sheet of paper and make a painting similar to your collage. You must use your primary colour (yellow, red or blue) plus white and black. Such a painting is called a monochrome painting . Mono means one and chrome means colour. It is a one colour (plus black and white) painting. Remember that the light colours (tints) show from which direction the light (the sun) is shining, and that the darker colours/shades will show the shadows that are away from the light source.


LEARNING OUTCOME 3: PARTICIPATION AND COOPERATION The learner is able to display personal and social skills while participating in arts and culture activities as an individual and in a group.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

3.7 collaborates with others to plan the making and use of masks, crafts, artefacts, costumes, collages or puppets using natural, waste or found materials with due regard to environmental concerns.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11087/1.1
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