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Activity 2:

To analyse a situation in order to determine whether the conditions are conducive to the outbreak of a cholera epidemic

[lo 1.7; 3.2]

Study the translated report from Die Burger of 31 December 2004 and:

  • Have a group discussion on the likelihood of a cholera epidemic after this natural disaster.
  • Offer suggestions on how such an epidemic could possibly be prevented in this case.
  • Give feedback to the rest of the class and write a short report on your findings.

120 000 +

André Gouws and Reuters

CAPE TOWN - Warnings yesterday that yet another tsunami could hit the Asian coast, caused panic-stricken people in Sri Lanka, India and Thailand to flee into the hills while the death toll in the weekend’s terrifying tsunami disaster rose to more than 120 000.

One of the South African victims, Mr Morris Isaacson (51) from Sea Point, was buried yesterday, but many families still do not know what has become of their loved ones. According to a report issued by the department of foreign affairs, there are still 14 South Africans who have been confirmed as missing in Thailand, and two in India.

Mrs Dilly Findlay (45) of Simon’s Town is still missing in Thailand.

This is a disaster of such indescribable magnitude that it is difficult to understand all that has happened. The World Health Organisation yesterday reported in a statement that 5 million people in the disaster-stricken countries no longer had any access to basic necessities.

Yesterday’s warning about a possible second tsunami followed after an earthquake occurred in the ocean along the coast of Sumatra, registering 5,2 on the Richter scale.

According to Mr Mario Adamo, who used to live in Durbanville but who now owns a restaurant in Phuket, the tsunami warnings were broadcast on television.

Total panic followed. Mr Adamo said that the authorities had evacuated everyone from the beach area, and many others had taken refuge on the surrounding hills. “The atmosphere here is ominous. The weather is strange and it seems as if it could rain at any moment.” He explained that some people had been sitting on the hills since Sunday, and that they were still refusing to come down because they were afraid of what could happen again.

Adamo and his wife, Mrs Annette Adamo, have helped many South Africans to be reunited with their families, amongst others Dr Philip Finestone (42), and his four children, Sarah (9), Emma (7), Isabella (5) and Sophia (2). They arrived in South Africa yesterday on an emergency flight. Mrs Rickie Finestone (38) is seriously injured and has had to remain on Phuket where she is being treated, said Dr Finestone’s brother, Mr Brett Finestone.

Adamo reported that as far as he knew, all the survivors had been taken from the island Phi Phi, where the destruction had been the worst of all. At present there were only soldiers who were burying the corpses.

According to Adamo the authorities have begun pumping the water out of a flooded underground supermarket on Phuket in order to remove the corpses.

Most of the fatalities were in Indonesia, where more than 80 000 people died. Thousands of corpses have been buried in mass graves. The air is filled with the stench of rotting corpses.

Approximately 5 000 foreigners – half of them from Sweden and Germany – are still missing, especially in Thailand. The Thai authorities have confirmed that 2 230 foreigners have died.

The true extent of the disaster will only be known in some weeks to come, since many isolated areas have not yet been reached.

From: Die Burger , 31 December 2004

  • Typical symptoms in a cholera patient:
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • stomach cramps;
  • leg cramps;
  • diarrhoea and a very dry skin.
  • Treatment:

Possible dehydration must be counteracted. Prepare a saline solution with treated water and administer it to the patient continuously.

  • Prevention:
  • avoid contact with water from dams, lakes or rivers in cholera areas;
  • if one is uncertain of the quality of the water, one should boil it or add a small quantity of bleach to it;
  • wash vegetables and fruit and/or cook it in treated water;
  • always ensure that one’s sanitary habits are sound.

Activity 3:

To describe a concept

[lo 3.2; 3;3]

  • Briefly describe what you understand under the concept “sanitary habits”.


LO 1


The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and environmental concepts and processes.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 with guidance, selects and uses sources of useful geographical information [finds sources];

1.2 distinguishes between facts and opinions [works with sources];

1.3 categorises information [works with sources];

1.4 uses an index to find places on global atlas maps [works with sources];

1.6 identifies and explores possible solutions to problems [answers the question];

1.7 demonstrates knowledge and under-standing of the issue through projects, discussion, debate and charts [communicates the answer].

LO 3


The learner will be able to make informed decisions about social and environmental issues and problems.

We know this when the learner:

3.1 identifies challenges to societies and settlements, with a focus on the spread of diseases [identify the issue];

3.2 explains the factors that cause some people to be more at risk of disease than others [factors affecting the issue];

3.3 suggests the best way, from a range of alternatives, to reduce risks of disease [makes choices].



  • Very good; wet; stagnant water; sewage systems destroyed; no fresh water
  • Transporting fresh water; monitor symptoms; isolate cases; evacuate people from danger areas


  • Bathroom activities
  • Bodily waste (solid or fluid) removed and purified by means of established enclosed systems

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
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are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
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where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
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Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
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Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
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Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: geography grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10986/1.2
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