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Grade 5


Module 19

Human resources: services

People and the services that they render

People exchange their labour for money (salaries) on a daily basis and are therefore also regarded as a resource. The physical, intellectual and spiritual capacities of people are used to develop and distribute products and services.

What did you have for breakfast this morning? Was it a sandwich, porridge or eggs? Or did you have fish? Did you have tea, coffee or juice or only water? Think of all the possibilities…… the breakfast that each child had might perhaps be different from those that any of the others had!

The food you ate might have differed, but the similarity is that resources and people were used to get the food to you, and that the food and the people were transported.

Activity 1:

To analyse a food source according to natural resources used during production

[lo 1.1; 1.7]

  • Consider anything that you have eaten for breakfast and analyse it according to the table provided below.

My foodstuff: ____________________________

Natural resources required for manufacturing. People (jobs or occupations) and services required for the manufacturing and transport of the product to my home.

Just like the resources were divided into three groups, people’s activities are also divided into three groups.

Group 1: Primary activity Group 2: Manufacturing Group 3: Services
People cultivate the original product or take it from nature. People take the product from the first group and process it in factories. People render services like transporting, selling or marketing the products of the first two groups.
Examples Examples Examples
farmingfishingminingforestry making clothingcanning fishmaking steelmaking furniture tradetransportbanking servicesmunicipal servicesschools

Are you able to add to these examples?

(Remember this: These are a few examples only! A complete list would be very long.)

Activity 2:

To categorise occupations

[lo 1.3]

Expand the three groups of jobs above yourself. Decide in which group the jobs below fall and write only primary , manufacturing or service next to them.

  1. traffic officer
  2. nurse
  3. machinist on fishing boat
  4. selling fertiliser to farmers
  5. working as a book printer
  6. cameraman (television)

Now do the same with your mother’s or father’s job:

... and the job that you want to do one day?

Activity 3:

To identify examples of human resources in the environment

[lo 1.3]

  • Discuss this with your educator or your parents and try to find examples of the following types of human resources in your immediate environment.

Businesses where primary products are supplied:

Businesses where goods are manufactured:

Businesses that mainly render services:

Be careful……..

You should just remember that one business can sometimes be involved with more than one of the three groups of activities, sometimes with all three.


LO 1


The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and environmental concepts and processes.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 with guidance, selects and uses sources of useful geographical information [finds sources];

1.2 distinguishes between facts and opinions [works with sources];

1.3 categorises information [works with sources];

1.4 uses an index to find places on global atlas maps [works with sources];

1.6 identifies and explores possible solutions to problems [answers the question];

1.7 demonstrates knowledge and under-standing of the issue through projects, discussion, debate and charts [communicates the answer].

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: geography grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10986/1.2
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