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This module includes the methods we used during our implementation of a blind source separation system.

Blind source separation via ica: methods and trials

Methods and trials

During our implementation stage we attempted several different methods for blind source separation. We came up with a plan for our initial goal: to have a working real-time system; our fallback was to have preprocessed recordings and play them as .wav files during our presentation. As is the case with many projects, we ran into some problems that we were not expecting. We were forced to identify the problems and adapt to seek new manners in which to perform blind source separation. We ran many trials with a total of four different methods.

First trial

We began our first trial with the intent to gain a better understanding of the Matlab code as well as get a feel for the recording process. Shortly after beginning, we ran into our first problem: Windows operating system only recognizes one microphone input. Before buying software to overcome this, we looked for solutions using two laptops.

Our system included an operator, who started recording on both laptops at the same time, two microphones connected to the mono input of each laptop, as well as two speakers talking in different places in the room. We used Audacity to record and convert the microphone inputs to .wav files. Matlab was used to trim the two recordings to the same size and run them through FASTICA.m.

The two decoded signals were very noisy. There were also remnants of the other speaker in each of the two decoded signals. After trying different rooms, different levels of noise, different types of microphones (mono and stereo), different speakers, and different locations of speakers and microphones, we could not eliminate these imperfections. We were not happy with these results so we decided to try a different method.

Second trial

In our second trial, we aimed to eliminate the noise and remnants of the other speaker in our decoded signals. We attributed these problems to our signals being asynchronous. In order to solve this problem, we sought a method to record simultaneously on one computer. Using Garageband on a Mac, we recorded two microphone inputs onto the two channels of a stereo recording. We converted the file to a .wav file and separated the two channels in Matlab.

After running the two signals through the Matlab code, we encountered the same problems (noise and other speaker interference). We tested while changing all the variables as in our first trial and received similar results. This could have been from Garageband ’s method of recording to separate channels on stereo.

Third trial

For our third trial, we implemented nearly the same system as the second trial. We were mainly testing to observe if Labview would have better results using the method of saving to separate .wav files instead of separate stereo channels.

We wrote the following Labview module:

Our results were the same as the first two trials. With this method, it seemed as though it would not be possible to have the recordings asynchronous, but we were still receiving the same problems. This could be either due to limitations in our recording equipment, or due to nonlinear combinations of the signal.

Fourth trial

In our final trial, we recorded two signals separately using Audacity and one microphone input in a quiet room. We manually combined these signals linearly in Matlab and after running the combined signals through our code, finally achieved a near perfect separation of the two signals. We concluded that our issues in the first three trials were not due to phasing (eliminated in third trial), but were in fact due to non linear combinations of the signals, and also possibly to under determination caused by room noise being the third input. We saved these recordings to use in our presentation as this process is too tedious to perform in a real time demonstration.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
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