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Education is political. In order to retain one’s job, a person is required to implement mandated policies and regulations that are consistent with the monocultural model. Within this context educators are unconsciously socialized into accepting uncritically this model. Educational justice leaders need to work against this socializing tendency within them before they can be effective change agents. Thus they need to maintain a level of credibility among stakeholders while simultaneously advocating for an alternative model.

Emergence of a knowledge era is bringing about societal and global upheavals. Increasing technologies, e-commerce, outsourcing of jobs, and a global economy driven by the knowledge industries are impacting people daily (Drucker, 2007). Increasing diversity necessitates culturally proficient leaders (Terrell&Lindsey, 2009). Elderly are beginning to outnumber youth, impacting fiscal allocations; jobs are shifting globally between countries; and social injustices are accumulating (Marx, 2008). These problems, combined with the monocultural model of schooling, require leaders who can transform education and society. Institutionalized marginalization continues in schools (Adams, Blumenfeld, Castañeda, Hackman, Peters,&Zúñiga, 2000; Heldke&O’Connor, 2004). Problems are exacerbated by a wealth gap (Giroux, 2009). Doubts exist about the capacity of current educational leaders to be paradigmatic change agents (Fullan, 2005). The current monocultural model reflects a static worldview entrenched in essentialism whereby the beliefs, values, and norms of the dominant culture are perpetuated (Fuchs, 2001). Problem-posing is an alternative model arising from social reconstructionism and reflects a dynamic, historical consciousness and systemic worldview (Freire, 2007). In this model the purpose of schooling is to address the needs of society as a whole, acknowledge diversity, develop critical literacy, prepare students to become societal change agents who solve social problems, and end oppression (Webb, Metha&Jodan, 2009). Problem-posing and social reconstructionism assert the democratic ideal that the freedom one affords to self should be afforded to others.

Theoretical framework

Mezirow’s (1981) theory of transformative learning was selected because of its genesis in critical theory. He reinterpreted Habermas’ (1972) concept of emancipation as a knowledge domain transforming one’s life-world (Brookfield, 2005). Mezirow redefined emancipation as perspective transformation.

This theory has prompted scholarship and broader understandings of adult learning. The phases of transformative theory serve as a heuristic guide for studying the meaning perspectives of doctoral students. Self-examination of one’s existing meaning perspectives is threatening as habituated ways of thinking are questioned (Mezirow, 1991).

The possibility exists that not all people in a doctoral program for educational justice leadership will embrace transformative learning. Instead, they may avoid self-examination and not critically analyze meaning perspectives using social justice tenets. Thus, their emancipation will be limited by unquestioned institutional beliefs and norms that shaped them. In contrast, embracing transformative learning entails a process of reevaluating one’s identity, institutions, and worldview.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review, volume 12, number 1 (april 2011). OpenStax CNX. Mar 26, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11285/1.2
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