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Two very similar plotting programs are shown in the listings near the end of the module. The program named Graph01 , shown in Listing 39 , can be used to plot as many as five separate functions, each in its own plottingarea. Examples of the display produce by this program are shown in Figure 1 , Figure 2 , Figure 3 , and Figure 4 . I will briefly discuss this program in the paragraphs that follow.

The program named Graph02 , shown in Listing 40 , can also be used to plot as many as five separate functions. In this case, however, thegraphs produced by the functions are superimposed in the same plotting area. This is simply an alternative display format. I won't discuss any of theparticulars of this program, but if you understand the program named Graph01 , you will have no difficulty understanding this program named Graph02 as well.

The program named Graph01

This program is designed to instantiate an object of a class file that implements the interface named GraphIntfc01 , and to plot the data provided by up to five functions defined in that class file.

The methods in the class corresponding to the functions to be plotted are named f1 , f2 , f3 , f4 , and f5 .

As you learned in the earlier discussion, the class containing the functions must also define a static method named getNmbr . This method takes no parameters and returns the number of functions to be plotted. If this method returns avalue greater than 5, a NoSuchMethodException will be thrown.

Some general comments

Separate plotting areas

The overall plotting surface is divided into the required number of equally sized plotting areas. One function is plotted on Cartesian coordinates in eachplotting area.

A noarg constructor is required

The constructor for the class that implements GraphIntfc01 must not require any parameters. This is because the newInstance method of the Class class is used to instantiate an object, based on a String provided as a command-line argument. The newInstance method can only create objects using a noarg constructor.

Some methods may not be called

If the getNmbr method returns a value less than 5, then the methods that will not be called begin with f5 and work down toward f1 . For example, if the value returned by getNmbr is 3, then the program will call the methods named f1 , f2 , and f3 . While the methods named f4 and f5 must exist in order to satisfy the interface, they won't be called. Therefore, it doesn't matter what those methodsreturn as long as it is type double.

The visual appearance

As shown in Figure 1 , the plotting areas have alternating white and gray backgrounds to make them easy to separate visually.

All curves are plotted in black. A Cartesian coordinate system with axes, tic marks, and labels is drawn in red in each plotting area.

The Cartesian coordinate system in each plotting area has the same horizontal and vertical scale, as well as the same tic marks and labels on the axes.

The labels displayed on the axes, correspond to the values of the extreme edges of the plotting area.

A test class

The program also compiles a test class named junk , which contains the five required methods plus the method named getNmbr . This makes it easy to compile and test the program in a stand-alone mode.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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