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Many different combinations of N, S, E, and W can be used to control the placement of the widget in the cell. A good explanation is provided in Layout within the Cell at TkDocs. The combination used in the second statement of Listing 2 causes the Frame to be stretched in all four directions so as to be stuck to all four sides of the root . In other words, the Frame completely fills the available space within the root container.

The last two statements in Listing 2 were explained by According to TkDocs above.

StringVar

To make a long story short, the StringVar objects shown in Listing 3 are used to connect the string values for feet and meters to the textvariable arguments of an Entry widget and a Label widget, which you will see later.

(If you connect a widget to a StringVar object using a textvariable argument, a change in the contents of either will cause a corresponding change in the other. This isdiscussed in some detail at 25.1.6.4. Coupling Widget Variables .)

Listing 3 . StringVar objects.
feet = StringVar() meters = StringVar()

The Entry widget

In the initial design stages of the GUI, the author indicates that the widgets will be placed in three columns and three rows.

The first statement in Listing 4 creates a new widget of the class Entry and saves the object's reference in the variable named feet_entry . According to The Tkinter Entry Widget ,

"The Entry widget is a standard Tkinter widget used to enter or display a single line of text."

The first argument is the parent -- in this case mainframe . This is followed by many possible optional arguments, one of which is width .

Listing 4 . The Entry widget.
feet_entry = ttk.Entry(mainframe, width=7, textvariable=feet) feet_entry.grid(column=2, row=1, sticky=(W, E))

The width argument

The Tkinter Entry Widget describes the width argument as follows:

"Width of the entry field, in character units. Note that this controls the size on screen; it does not limit the number of characters that can be typed into the entry field. The default width is 20 character."

The first statement in Listing 4 sets the width to seven characters.

The textvariable argument

The Tkinter Entry Widget describes the textvariable argument as follows:

"Associates a Tkinter variable (usually a StringVar) to the contents of the entry field."

This argument is set equal to feet from Listing 3 . From this point forward, values entered into the data entry field shown in Figure 2 will be saved in the StringVar named feet . This makes the value available to the calculate function that will be discussed later.

Make the Entry field visible

The author of the program explains that the first statement in Listing 4 creates the Entry widget but does not make it visible in the GUI. In order to make it visible, you must tell Tk where to place it relative to other widgets. Thisis accomplished by the call to grid in the second statement in Listing 4 , which places the Entry widget in column 2 and row 1. (Note that the author seems to have skipped column 0 and row 0 as described earlier .)

The sticky parameter in Listing 4 instructs Tk to stretch the Entry widget horizontally and make it touch both sides of the cell. (Note that manually stretching the size of the root on the screendoes not stretch the size of the Frame or the widgets contained in the Frame.)

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Itse 1359 introduction to scripting languages: python. OpenStax CNX. Jan 22, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11713/1.32
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