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A new type

For our purposes, an abstract data type is a new type (not intrinsic to the C# language). It is not one of the primitive data types that are built into theprogramming language such as sbyte , short , int , long , float , double , etc.

Already known to the compiler

The distinction in the previous paragraph is very important. The data representation and behavior of the intrinsic or primitive types is already knownto the compiler and cannot normally be modified by the programmer.

Not known to the compiler

The representation and behavior of an abstract type is not known to the compiler until it is defined by the programmer and presented to the compiler inan appropriate manner.

Define data representation and behavior in a class

C# programmers define the data representation and the behavior of a new type (present the specification to the compiler) using the keyword class . In other words, the keyword class is used to convert the specification of a new type into something that the compiler can work with; aset of plans as it were. To define a class is to go from the abstract to the concrete.

Create instances of the new type

Once the new type (class) is defined, one or more objects of that type can be brought into being (instantiated, caused to occupy memory).

Objects have state and behavior

Once instantiated, the object is said to have state and behavior . The state of an object is determined by the current values of the data that itcontains. The behavior of an object is determined by its methods.

The state and behavior of a GUI Button object

For example, if we think of a GUI Button as an object, it is fairly easy to visualize the object's state and behavior.

A GUI Button can usually manifest many different states based on size, position, depressed image, not depressed image, label, etc. Eachof these states is determined by data stored in the instance variables of the Button object at any given point in time. (The combination of one or more instance variables that determine a particular state is oftenreferred to as a property of the object.)

Similarly, it is not too difficult to visualize the behavior of a GUI Button. When you click it with the mouse, some specific action usually occurs.

A C# class named Button

If you dig deeply enough into the C# class library , you will find that there is a class named Button in the System.Windows.Forms namespace. Each individual Button object in a C# Windows Forms Application is an instance of the C# class named Button . A Button object has a single constructor, dozens of methods, dozens of properties, and dozens of events.

The state of Button objects

Each Button object has instance variables, which it does not share with other Button objects. The values of the instance variables define the state of the button at any given time. Other Button objects in the same scope can have different values in their instance variables.Hence every Button object can have a different state.

The behavior of a Button object

Each Button object also has certain fundamental behaviors such as responding to a mouse Click event or responding to a GotFocus event.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Xna game studio. OpenStax CNX. Feb 28, 2014 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11634/1.6
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