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Once the specific content and decision points of the simulation were determined, technical production work began. Individuals ranging from lawyers to superintendents to student actors were used to create video dramatizations of the various confrontations and situations that arose as the case unfolded. A narrator was used throughout the simulation to provide continuity and as a vehicle to convey demographic, procedural, and background information to the participants. Every scene and situation in the simulation was deliberately kept gender, racially, and ethnically neutral so that participants would make decisions as themselves throughout the experience. All interactions with the simulation were first person, face-to-face interactions, with the participant being directly addressed by those in the dramatizations.

Post-production work was primarily technically oriented, as video footage was edited to develop the exposition of the scene, but at the same time to keep the total length of the simulation manageable. Each video clip was “deposited” into the current position in the simulation plan and links between the various paths were established. Additional visual details such as captions, still photos, and text boxes were developed to assist in the seamless flow of the story line. After the simulation production was completed, testing began. Each potential decision point and simulation path was validated to make sure that it linked with the appropriate outcomes.

The research study

The research component of the project began with the development of answer documents intended to capture demographic information about respondents, quantitative data about their decision choices, qualitative information about why they chose as they did, and personal feedback about the simulation itself and the simulation experience. The first portion of the study, outlined in this paper, dealt with respondents’ reactions to the simulation experience and outcomes. A subsequent quantitative study will contrast the actual decision-making process of experienced and aspiring administrators.

Research questions

In this initial study on the use of simulations to replicate administrative decision-making, several research questions were posed:

  1. How did participants view the content and concepts of this particular simulation? In this case, did participants feel that the simulation authentically replicated actual administrative work?
  2. How did participants view the simulation experience as an instructional tool regardless of the content of the specific scenario?

The study

The research study examined two distinct groups during the 2009-2010 school year. The first research group consisted of members of the Ashland Leadership Academy Seminar (ALAS). The participants in ALAS were current school leaders, holding positions from building principal to superintendent. These experienced administrators completed demographic information related to their age, ethnicity, gender, level of experience, and current administrative position. They individually completed the simulation and recorded their responses and rationale at each key decision point, their overall reactions to the decisions made, and their perceptions of the simulation experience itself.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review, volume 12, number 1 (april 2011). OpenStax CNX. Mar 26, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11285/1.2
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