# 4.2 Java1483-spectrum analysis using java, frequency resolution  (Page 3/19)

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## Truncated sinusoids

Each pulse consists of a cosine wave that has been truncated at a different length. The frequency of the cosine wave is the same for every pulse. As youwill see when we examine the code, the frequency of the cosine wave is 0.0625 times the sampling frequency. If you do the arithmetic, you will conclude thatthis results in 16 samples per cycle of the cosine wave.

In all five cases, the length of the time series upon which spectral analysis will be performed is 400 samples. For those four cases where the length of thepulse is less than 400 samples, the remaining samples in the time series have a value of zero.

## Will compute at 400 frequencies

When the spectral analysis is performed later, the number of individual frequencies at which the amplitude of the spectral energy will be computed willbe equal to the total data length. Therefore, the amplitude of the spectral energy will be computed at the same 400 frequencies for each of the five timeseries. That makes it convenient for us to stack the spectral plots up vertically and compare them (as in Figure 2 ) . This makes it easy for us to compare the distribution of energy across the frequency spectrum for pulsesof different lengths.

## Graph03 and graph06

The plots in Figure 1 were produced using the program named Graph03 . Other plots in this module will be produced using the program named Graph06 . I explained those programs in earlier modules, and I provided the source code for both programs in the previous module titled Spectrum Analysis using Java, Sampling Frequency, Folding Frequency, and the FFT Algorithm . Therefore, I won't repeat those explanations or provide the source code for those programs in this module.

## The program named Dsp031a

A complete listing of the program named Dsp031a is provided in Listing 9 near the end of the module.

This program displays sinusoidal pulses identical to those processed by the program named Dsp031 , which will be discussed later.

## Time series containing sinusoidal pulses

The program named Dsp031a creates and displays five separate time series, each 400 samples in length. Each time series contains a pulse andthe pulses are different lengths.

Each pulse consists of a truncated sinusoid. The frequency of the sinusoid for each of the pulses is the same.

Frequency values are specified as type double as a fraction of the sampling frequency. The frequency of each sinusoid is 0.0625 times thesampling frequency.

## The pulse lengths

The lengths of the five pulses are:

• 25 samples
• 50 samples
• 100 samples
• 200 samples
• 400 samples

## Beginning of the class named Dsp031a

This program is very similar to programs that I explained in previous modules in this series, so my explanation will be very brief. As usual, I will explainthe program in fragments.

The beginning of the class, along with the declaration and initialization of several variables is shown in Listing 1 . The names of the variables along with the embedded comments should make the code self explanatory.

Listing 1. Beginning of the class named Dsp031a.
```class Dsp031a implements GraphIntfc01{ final double pi = Math.PI;int len = 400;//data length int numberPulses = 5;//Frequency of the sinusoids double freq = 0.0625;//Amplitude of the sinusoids double amp = 160;//Following arrays will contain sinusoidal data double[]data1 = new double[len];double[] data2 = new double[len]; double[]data3 = new double[len];double[] data4 = new double[len]; double[]data5 = new double[len];```

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Renato
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Kyle
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Joe
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research.net
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sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
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Tarell
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Damian
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Tarell
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Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
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Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
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for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
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Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
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