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Technology

Grade 7

Processing: textiles

Module 18

Making a garment

Making a garment

Before you can make a garment, you need to have a pattern. Patterns simply are sheets of paper or cardboard. Each pattern piece is shaped precisely and serves as a master copy according to which you cut the different parts of the garment out of fabric. It is possible to buy a different pattern for each garment or to use a basic pattern, like dressmakers, and adjust it according to need. But before you can cut out a pattern, you need to know what your measurements are.

  1. Taking your measurements

Use a tape measure and write down the necessary measurements in the table. You will need a helper to take some of the measurements. Study the sketch on the following page to ensure that the measurements are taken correctly.

These are some important guidelines :

  1. Be relaxed while your measurements are taken.
  2. If you pull in your tummy, the garment may be too tight when it is finished.
  3. Use the tape measure loosely rather that tightly. It is easy to cut away excess fabric if the pieces are too large, but you cannot add on fabric when they are too small.
  4. If a measurement is not measurable to the centimetre, round it off to the following centimetre.
  5. Your body is still growing and you must make allowances for such growth.
Measurements My measurements in cm
Shoulder length
Shoulder to waist
Shoulder to hip
Shoulder to chest line
Chest
Arm (length)
Waist
Hip
Inner leg
Outer leg

DISCUSS THIS WITH YOUR FRIEND:

  • How would you adjust the above measurements when you want to make a loose-fitting T-shirt?
  • Must pattern pieces be made to the exact size of the garment?
  • How would you indicate where different pattern pieces have to be stitched to one another?
  • What fabric / kind of paper should be used to make pattern pieces?
  • The pattern

The following shows a typical pattern for a garment. Can you suggest what kind of garment will be made from this pattern?

  • The solid line indicates the edge of the pattern along which you have to cut.
  • The dotted line that is 15 mm inside the solid line indicates the line along which the pattern pieces must be sewn to one another.
  • This 15 mm-wide area is the seam allowance.
  • You have to allow at least 30 mm at the lower edges of pattern pieces for hems when you are cutting out the pattern.
  • The single and double notches show you where pattern pieces have to be aligned (placed together).

The arrow shows how the pattern piece must be laid on the fabric when you want to cut it out.

The product

Designing my own pattern

  • You are going to design a pattern for a T-shirt for yourself.
  • How long should the T-shirt be?
  • Should the neckline be rounded or V-shaped?
  • The neck opening should slip over your head. How are you going to achieve this?
  • Should the shirt fit or be loose?
  • What type of fabric will suit the purpose of the shirt?
  • What type of fabric will you use?
  • Must it be soft / elastic / absorbent?
  • Must it be expensive? For what purpose will you use it?
  • Must the fabric be colourful or plain?
  • Will you decorate it with some painting or appliqué?
  • Must the fabric be crease resistant? Do you like ironing?

Questions & Answers

what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11032/1.1
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