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The problem with no child left behind

Schools and districts across the nation that fail to make adequate yearly progress are subject to a number of sanctions, including letters mailed home to parents informing them of the students’ performance, school choice options, community advisory groups, curriculum and instruction mandates, school closure, reconstitution, state takeover, and removal of principal and/or teachers. As a result, some states have responded by changing how their tests are scored to allow more students to pass and to show more progress under NCLB (Fuller, Gesicki, Kang,&Wright, 2006).

NCLB mandates that proficiency be defined in the narrow terms of reading/English language arts and mathematics, requiring states to develop standards and benchmarks to assess students’ progress toward mastering standards in these specific content areas. To avoid Program Improvement status

In California, Program Improvement (PI) is the formal designation for Title I-funded schools and Local Education Agencies that fail to make Adequate Yearly Progress for two consecutive years.
, many inner-city schools have opted to forgo art, writing, music, and language curricula. They hope that by spending all their time on reading and math, children will be able to score proficient on the California standards tests (CSTs). Unfortunately, by doing so children are losing out on other important curricula areas. Vital attributes needed to be proficient in a global society – bilingualism, creativity, innovativeness – permeate inner-city schools, but developing these qualities are shunned in favor of preparing kids to reach cut scaled scores.

The Act punishes schools in some states for achievement levels that are defined as great successes in others and rewards schools in other states for achievement levels significantly below national standards. Additionally, the repercussions of the NCLB’s narrowly defined terms of proficient can be extremely detrimental in inner city schools where resources and time may be focused on passing the test, thereby reducing instructional minutes directed toward developing critical thinking skills, well-roundedness, innovativeness, creativity, and multilingualism (K. P. Boudett, et. al., 2007).

Literature review

The ultimate goal of NCLB is a steady academic gain by all subgroups of students until all can read and do math at or above grade level expectations. Some of the most notable characteristics of the law are 1) accountability requirements by which schools must demonstrate Adequate Yearly Progress based on students reaching targets for achievement; 2) consequences for schools failing to meet AYP along with options for students in these schools to receive supplemental educational services and transportation to higher performing or safer schools within the same district; 3) application of rigorous scientifically based research standards to educational programs and practices; and 4) requirements that teachers and paraprofessionals must meet the highly qualified educational and credential criteria to remain in the classroom (Mills, 2008).

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ncpea education leadership review, volume 10, number 1; february 2009. OpenStax CNX. Jun 05, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10630/1.9
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