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In this module we will discuss the basic questions that underlie the research process.

No matter what approach you use for a specific project, the research process will always be characterised by certain aspects, namely the researcher, the questions, the procedures and the answers. Another way of looking at this is to ask the questions: who? what? why? where? when? and how?

  • Who will do the research? - The researcher
  • What will he or she do? - The problem
  • Where will he or she do it? - The place or organisation
  • When will he or she do it? - The time frame
  • How will he or she do it? - The methodology (the procedures
  • Why will he or she do it? - The relevance and the answers

The researcher

Every researcher, no matter how well qualified and experienced is still a person with her own values, beliefs and feelings that were accumulated through years. Her family life, community life, education, and probably religion, all contributed to the forming of who she is. These values and beliefs can not be discarded when she embarks on a research project where she needs to study people with very different lives and values.

In qualitative research the researcher will know this and will not try to be "neutral" or "objective". She will rather explicitly admit her own values and seek for ways in which she can recognise when her own values intrude on her findings.

Imagine that you are conducting research on views on abortion in different religious communities. You will have your own views on this and will understand the views of people who agree with you quite easily. You will, however, have to realise that you are going to have some trouble with opposite views and will have to make a special effort to suspend your own views in order to put yourself in the shoes of the other and so come to some measure of understanding so that you can give a fair and accurate description of the others views.

The problem

The aim of a research project will usually be one of three main types:

  • exploration
  • description
  • explanation

The positivist type of research project seeks to explain and predict, while the interpretive approach seeks to understand

Projects which are aimed at exploring will typically focus on some relatively unknown phenomenon and the approach will usually be interpretive. Qualitative methods will be usually be used (such as in–depth interviews, case studies and participant observation).

If the aim is to describe the approach can be either positivist or interpretive depending on the specific question. If the aim is a description of the prevalence of Muslim adherents in a geographical area, the methods will be statistical (and therefore quantitative) , but if the description is of the beliefs and practices of a new religious movement, the approach will be interpretive and the methods will be qualitative.

If the aim of the research is to explain , then the approach will be positivist and the methods will probably be quantitative

Within the broad aim of the project the researcher now has to formulate the specific research problem as carefully as possible and indicate if there are secondary problems in addition to the main research problem. For instance: If the main research problem is "What is the role of women in the Hare Krishna Movement?", then a secondary question might be "Do some women leave the movement because they are not satisfied with their role?"

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Learning about religion. OpenStax CNX. Apr 18, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11780/1.1
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