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This module focuses on six tenses within two verb tense areas: The simple and the perfect tenses . The simple tenses consist of the present , the past , and the future . The perfect tenses are the present perfect , the past perfect , and the future perfect .

Verbs are conjugated to show the time an action or idea is expressed. The time conveyed by a verb is its tense . A verb tense shows the particular time in which an action took place and its relationship to when the action was spoken or written.

Each of the six tenses covered in this module has its own usage and form of conjugation.

The six tenses:

The simple tense

Simple tenses indicate simple time relationships.

The present tense expresses an action in the present or one that occurs always, repeatedly, or habitually.

Example: The horses eat the hay every day.

The past tense conveys a definite completed action in the past.

Example: The horses ate the hay last week.

The future tense communicates an action that has not yet occurred but will take place in the future. This tense uses “ will ” or “ going to ” with the past participle.

Example: The horses will eat / are going to eat the hay tomorrow.

The past participle

The past participle of a verb usually indicates a completed action and generally has the same form as the past tense. Regular forms of the past participle usually end in – d , - ed , - n , - en , or - t.

The following hand out lists the present, past, and past participle for common irregular verbs: Irregular Verb tense list

The perfect tense

A verb in the perfect tense expresses an action that was or will be completed at the time of another action or a specific occasion. The perfect tense of an action uses have or has with the past participle.

The present perfect tense expresses an action that is completed at the present time or is continuing into the present. This tense uses have or has + the past participle of a verb.

Example: The horses have eaten all the hay this morning.

The horse has eaten all the hay this morning.

The past perfect tense conveys an action that was completed before a time in the past. This tense uses had + the past participle of a verb.

Example: The horses had eaten all the hay before it rained.

The horse had eaten all the hay before it rained.

The future perfect tense expresses an action that has not yet occurred but will take place in the future. This tense uses will or going to + have + the past participle of a verb.

Example: The horses will have eaten / are going to have eaten the hay before it rains.

The horse will have eaten / is going to have eaten the hay before it rains.


Students will learn that verb conjugation depends on the time in which an action or idea is expressed.

The students will learn that the two basic forms of verb tenses for the present, past, or future times are the simple tense and the perfect tense. They will also learn that in the present tense, a singular subject takes a singular verb and that singular verbs end with – s . Furthermore, a plural subject takes a plural verb, which does not end with – s .

Students should also learn that the perfect tense always ends with the past participle of a verb.

Questions & Answers

What are the typical patterns of GDP for a high-income economy like the United States in the long run and the short run?
mwangala Reply
What are the limitation and significant of macroeconomic
Usman Reply
explain the significance of concerpt of opportunity cost in planning
Mwanaid Reply
what is meant by the price elasticity of demand?
Martine Reply
What are the limitations of macroeconomic and their segnificant
Usman Reply
Discuss the role of competition in stimulating economic growth?
Daniel Reply
competition stimulate economic growth because in such types of economy,they is no monopoly power every supplier will want to produce to meet customers choice which brings about quality production and attract invested and customers into such economy
competition creates Monopoly because of economy of scale. it's not antithesis but different side of same coin
competition result in high economic growth since every firm will intend to provide quality services and products to meet customers needs and requirements unlike in Monopoly situation where a firm just provide what it want to resulting in large stock piles of unwanted products ,ie inefficiency, howev
microeconomics study part of the economy but macroeconomic study the whole economy
Olokun Reply
studying the whole economy, solving the problem of the economy and building up the economy
micro means small while macro means large
standard of living is the footsteps of an economy because it plays important role for country to have crucial view about their budget ,import and export
it will be differ because economic agent will only take their views on some part of household
can opportunity cost be zero
OBED Reply
how many types of transportation do we have
yes. when a customer's purchasing power is high, he may have d ability to purchase all he needs, dt makes opportunity cost zero
please can give more explanation on this question
what are the factors production
Labour capital entrepreneurs
Land,capital, labour,and the entrepreneur
I will like to know use of calculus in economics
do they use it in economics?
I want to know if I should take calculus or statistics and probability my senior year of highschool
yes for example in monopolistic competitive market..... TR=TC* & THIS CALCULATED BY CHANGING( DERIVATIVE LAW) MR =MC ** WILL BE THE FORMULA THAT USE.
please in which topic in economic is the question coming from.
from PCF in economics
why is unitary proportional to responsiveness
Etim Reply
any tip for igcse economics exam?pls
Stacey Reply
What is a market
Divine Reply
what are the variables that affect demand
what are the variables that affect demand
what are the variables that affect demand
what are the variables that affect demand
what are the variables that affect demand
price of the related goods 2 price of the given commodity 3 income of the consumer 4 taste and preference 5 expectation in the future price
pls the taste and preference
explain briefly
a consumer taste and preference commodity changes for a time the man becomes
sorry sorry
is when the price of a commodity becomes high and can't afford example Samsung instead of iPhone
consumers who have high intense for goods will purchase the goods even if the price of that commodity increases because he or she preferred that commodity.people will be prefer iphone as its price increase
as usual bad taste of preference is when a consumer regrets from one commodity to another in terms of the price
thanks alot
you're welcome
#Preference; #Income #Test
#price Of Commodity #Income #Taste #Preference
#Market is The Place Where Buyers And Sellers Are Exchanging Their Goods And service. #
difference between macro and micro economics
Microeconomic Study about individual consumers market But Macroeconomis Study General economic Process Such As #Aggregate Demand #Aggregate Supples #GDp= #GNp
nice so can u run down a brife discussion on GDP
pls can someone differentiate between the perfectly elastic, perfectly inelastic and unitary
yhar Reply
and then again pls what are the types of elasticity, the methods of calculating it thank u
Perfectly inelastic is when the coefficient is equal to zero Unitary is when the coefficient is equal to one But am not sure if we have perfectly inelastic
I'm kind off confuse abt the PED, IED and co are they the types of elasticity we've
Yh the types are price elasticity cross and income elasticity of demand
do we've specific formulaes to calculate for each of them
yes. PED. changes in quantity demanded divided by changes in price
so pls what's the general name given to unitary, elastic n inelastic ? are the names given to the final result after doing the calculations?
P2-P1÷P1×100or Q2-Q1×Q1×100 PED
They are elasticity coefficient
@John I don't get u well pls
P2-P1÷P1×100or Q2-Q1×Q1×100 PED @john pls tis is what m talking abt
Yh is the formula for PED
Pls are you having a for PED
thank u very
what is economics
economics is a science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative use
is a science which study human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses
yes this is because economic provide a body of knowledge on human economic principles under theories and these theories can be verified with real world data using science method in other words it was scientific method in arriving at solution identification of problem or basic data collection among
unitary ElasticWhen Elasticty =1 Perfectily Elastic When 0<1 inelastic when 0>
Pls is anyone having the NovDec questions?
John Reply
Difference between extinct and extici spicies
Amanpreet Reply
Researchers demonstrated that the hippocampus functions in memory processing by creating lesions in the hippocampi of rats, which resulted in ________.
Mapo Reply
The formulation of new memories is sometimes called ________, and the process of bringing up old memories is called ________.
Mapo Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Civis project - uprm. OpenStax CNX. Nov 20, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11359/1.4
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