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A longdesc (or "long description") file is used to describe images that are too complex to summarize in alt text. Rather than including the description in the CNXML markup, the full, detailed description is contained in a separate file that is linked from the media element. This allows you to describe the image in as much detail as necessary without needing to keep the description short. A longdesc file:
  • Can be any file type, though a basic text-only HTML file is most appropriate.
  • Can be loaded into a Connexions module like any other image or resource file.
  • Is not a replacement for alt text, but instead is a chance for the author to elaborate on alt text.
  • Is only necessary when the image is so complicated that an alt text description is not sufficient to describe it.
The following example shows how to link to a longdesc file titled earnings_report_desc.html : <media id="longdesc_example" alt="An earnings graph showing steady growth of 6% over the past two quarters."longdesc="earnings_report_desc.html"><image mime-type="image/png" src="earnings_report.png" /></media> In this example, earnings_report_desc.html would most likely be a simple text file describing the details of the chart, including the data points, overall trends, and any other relevant information. While the alt text describes "steady growth of 6% over the past two quarters," the longdesc file can talk about specific features of the chart, such as a dip that coincided with a recent merger or a spike that represented a major product release. A screen reader user would have the option of following this link in order to get a detailed understanding of the data that would otherwise be conveyed and understood by sighted users through visual information.
Remember, longdesc files are not common, and are usually only used when the media element contains important visual information that is too complex and/or detailed for alt text.

Captioned video and audio transcripts

Captioning is another important consideration when dealing with video content. Users who are hearing impaired may not be able to understand all of the information being conveyed in a video, limiting their access to the material being described. This can be addressed by submitting videos that are captioned, allowing those users to read along with the spoken materials. If you are not able to caption your videos, another option is to include audio transcripts of the materials as a module resource that can be easily accessed using a link. While there are no specific tools or standards for providing this type of content, the important thing to remember is to make it as easy as possible for as many people as possible to access the information you are trying to communicate.

You can read more about how Connexions addresses accessibility concerns in m17212 - Accessibility Features of Connexions .

Embedding media elements in your module


Once you've attached your multimedia files to your module, the next step is to embed the media files in your content. This can be done by using the <media> element.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
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Source:  OpenStax, Ideas and tools for improving connexions modules and collections. OpenStax CNX. Mar 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11184/1.2
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