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Assessment Standards:

  • The learner should be able to dramatise social, cultural or environmental issues though the use of different drama techniques.
  • The time structure for this module should be ± two weeks.
  • All the Drama modules will be structured accordingly:
    • Activities (exercises exploring the learning outcomes)
    • Helpful hints for the educator

- Assessment grids




[LO 4.2]

In order for you to guide the learners through this module, please read the following information.

The Setting (your “stage”)

  • the sports or athletic field

The Characters (the roles)

  • athletes
  • cleaners
  • educators
  • principal
  • sports captain

The Time (time frame of exercise)

  • after a sports meeting has taken place, i.e. Interschools

The Situation (the story)

  • The ‘characters’ return to the sports field after the Interschools have taken place.
  • The sports field has been left in total disarray – litter has been strewn all over the field.
  • The cleaning equipment has been stolen – there are no brooms, black bags, bins, etc.

The issue

  • The sports field has to be cleaned for the next sports event which is to take place within an hour

Exercise 1: Exploring

  • Take all the learners to the sports field and have them imagine the situation in the setting.
  • Have them visualise the littering and damage done to the setting.
  • The sports field is the stage they will be performing on.
  • Have the learners discuss the situation and the setting as perceived by them.
  • Have the learners give ideas what the stage will look like for their performance.

Exercise 2: Characterisation

  • Present the different characters to the learners.
  • Have the learners volunteer characters they would like to play.
  • Have the learners discuss the different characteristics of the characters they have chosen.
  • Put the learners on the stage in character and have them explore the scene.
  • Discuss costumes and props for each character.

Exercise 3: Improvisation

  • Discuss the issue at hand and how each character will solve the problem.
  • Have the learners put forth ideas and solutions.
  • Have the learners select actions and dialogue for their characters in order to solve the problem at hand.
  • Have the learners improvise a short scene in the setting.
  • Choose aspects from the improvisation and put it together to devise scenes for the ‘play’.
  • Have the learners rehearse the scenes.
  • Have the learners perform the play.
  • The duration of the play should not exceed 10 minutes.

The following hints will help you guide your learners with their characterisation.

Hints for Characterisation

The Devices:

  • Imagination and creative fantasy
  • Experience
  • Your physical body and muscle control
  • Emotion
  • The senses: - sight, hearing, touch, smell and taste
  • Your personal space
  • The external space
  • Speech
  • Attention and focus

In order for you to approach even one of these prerequisites you have to free yourself from the strain of your body, face and voice .

The elements of characterisation:

  • Action: What am I doing?
  • Volition : Why am I doing it?
  • Adjustment : How am I doing it?

The external attributes of characterisation:

  • The body (Is the character young, old, fat, cripple, …?)
  • The voice (shrill, deep, sexy, old, childlike, …)
  • The face (narrow eyes, nervous twitch, evil, good…)
  • The attitude (self confident, nervous, insecure, in charge…)
  • The props (glasses, tiara, walking stick, cigarettes…)
  • The costume (evening gown, tuxedo, rags, track suit….)
  • The make-up (beard, fantasy, aging…)

The creation of a character:

  • You cannot seek the character somewhere outside yourself; you must make it up out of the material that you yourself possess.
  • You must have faith in the character.
  • You have to perceive the rhythm of a character as a means to understand the role.
  • The role is ready when the actor has made the dialogue his own.
  • Make the thoughts of the character your own thoughts.

Hints for Dialogue

  • An actor should speak for the eye of the partner, and not the ear.
  • Visualise the words and ideas spoken.
  • See and evaluate in order to convey convincingly.
  • The audience has to be drawn into the rhythm of one’s experience.
  • The right sound colouring, the right intonation, the precise intervals in questions, affirmations and exclamations all have direct bearing upon the correct and organic nature of the execution of a simple physical action.

Helpful hints:

Involve all the learners in the class.

Make sure the learners use the whole area for their play.

Disciplinary structure : because of the number of learners in the class, the excitement of the activity and the extent of the “stage”, it is necessary to install a disciplinary structure to the class as energy levels can rise and the class can become unruly. Blow a whistle every time you deem it necessary and have the learners ‘freeze’ into a position for a few seconds. Blow the whistle again for them to continue with the activity.

Try to keep your instructions brief and clear.

Encourage creativity.

Walk among the learners and help where you can.

Always be positive and encouraging with your comments.

Drama should be fun.

The educator’s purpose is to show how and the learner has to use the skill to make it his/her own.

Remember that you are the creator of audiences of the future.

Encourage movement and action.

Be lavish with praise, encouragement and love.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10977/1.2
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