<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Social sciences: history

Grade 7

The great trek moves boundaries

Module 4

Life on the farm and on the trek

Activity 1:

To communicate information about life on the farm

[lo 1.2]

  1. Study the following sketch of life on the farm in the 1800’s, followed by a class discussion.

Why were so many people willing, in such a short period of time, to give up their farms, and to leave behind homes and friends? People probably had different reasons why they took such drastic steps. But there are two ways in which we can determine what their general reasons were for taking such a drastic step. We can read what the leaders said. We can also look at things they did after they moved away.

Here are the reasons that Piet Retief, one of the Voortrekker leaders, gave:

  • Unrest, insecurity and clashes on the Eastern Frontier.
  • Great losses because of raids by the Xhosa.
  • Unsympathetic British government.
  • Unfair way in which compensation was paid out for emancipated slaves.
  • The British government did away with things which the Afrikaner were used to (Landdrost and Heemraaden were substituted by magistrates, and administration was only in English).

The Trekkers were not interested in ever returning to the Cape. Before the Trek, they planned carefully and undertook expeditions as far as Namibia in order to look for water, grazing and settled groups in the interior. There were also quite a number of travellers, hunters, traders, stock farmers and missionaries in the interior. Their narratives and maps helped the Voortrekkers to learn more about the unknown areas. Thereafter, most groups moved across the Orange River, met at Thaba Nchu and then moved across the Drakensberg to Natal.

b) Study the above information on the reasons for the Great Trek. Imagine your family has decided to take part in the Great Trek. Write a short letter to your friend in the Cape in which you inform him or her why you are going to trek.

c) Now read the accompanying interview with a well-known Voortrekker leader

about life during the Great Trek.

“Yes. Most families had two or three wagons which moved alongside each other during the Trek. The wagon was usually pulled by a span of 16 oxen, led by a touleier (leader of oxen). The driver sat in front on the wagon chest. We usually travelled approximately 10 km per day. In the wagons were food, clothing, beds, camp chairs and a wagon chest. The men and older children slept outside. Underneath the wagon were pots, pans, hen-coops and a grease-can. Weapons and implements, such as pick-axes, hoes, as well as seed and fruit trees, were taken along. Sheep, goats and cattle walked next to the wagons.

The sides of the wagon looked nearly like the jaw of an animal – therefore a wagon was called a kakebeenwa (jaw-bone wagon)!

“In the mornings we rose early and had devotions. The children also participated by learning to read from the Bible and learning to write. At night, the whole trek settled down and the wagons were drawn into a circle (laager) as a safety precaution. Then we sat around the campfire, telling stories and having singsongs. The animals were kept in kraals of thorn branches. There were also guards at night.

Questions & Answers

short run AC curves?
Jasmin Reply
what is short run AC curves?
Jasmin
what is short run curves?
Jasmin
what is short run curves?
Jasmin
nooo am not from India why!?
Godwin Reply
h
Hamid
Godwin which level of education are you please
Millionaires
millionaires am in SHS 2
Godwin
vnsgu BBA ki first sem ki all subjects ki koi app he ?
Modi Reply
one is business economics app
mudasir
all subjects ki koi nhi he ?
Modi
for accounts u can download accounts complete course app ... step by step Al the topics r mentioned
mudasir
Muje BBA ke first semester ke liye chahiye.... Vnsgu
Modi
there is a app for bba
Muhammad
named as college tutor on play store
Muhammad
isme sab subject ki books aa jayegi ?
Modi
han g
Muhammad
baqi main bad main batata hun abi online paper ho raha ha
Muhammad
okk....
Modi
Apki knsi uni ha
Muhammad
aik aur app ha but wo indian ha
Muhammad
Named as bba books
Muhammad
okk
Modi
collage tutor mein join teacher wala hi aata he or kuch nhi aata he
Modi
Mera Vnsgu he
Modi
asslam alaikum
Hamid
BBA books app ki photo send kijiye naa please
Modi
photo kesy send ho skty ha yahan sy?
Muhammad
I mean iska option kahan ha
Muhammad
haa.. sorry
Modi
collage tutor mein join teacher wala hi aata he or kuch nhi aata he
Modi
ok
Muhammad
Mera Vnsgu he
Modi
Ap play store py ja ky waha search ker lain wahan sy asani sy ye app mil jay ga apko
Muhammad
ab books kaha lau ?
Modi
oh sorry
Muhammad
main apko sham rak batata hun abi paper ho raha ha☺☺
Muhammad
kya search maru ?
Modi
yar ap ki books ka name kia ha?
Muhammad
modi
Hamid
who know accounting
Hamid
Hmare pass koi bhi subject ki book nhi he
Modi
abi 1st semester ha
Muhammad
ha... First semester
Modi
Yes sir
Modi
mujy book pary ha pdf ma accounting economic statistics Kay book ha mery pass
Hamid
pdf ma h
Hamid
to send karo naa
Modi
ya pa kasy kro
Hamid
kya ?
Modi
whatsp number do
Hamid
number bejo whatsp ka
Hamid
jaldi
Hamid
technical error bta rha he
Modi
number send nhi ho paa rha he
Modi
fb I'd name batio
Hamid
mery Hamid Ali shaikh ha
Hamid
mein nai use krti
Modi
fb I'd ka name bejo
Hamid
aap kaha se ho ?
Modi
fr kiya hoga
Hamid
ap kiya Kiya chlty ho batio
Hamid
mtlb ?
Modi
kiya use krty h wo Batio ma koxhes krta h fr
Hamid
ma pakistan sa h
Hamid
fb dowled Kro ap fr kam hiGa ap ka
Hamid
Krishi Modi iss fb id pe bhejo
Modi
Modi
Muhammad
profile kon sy h
Hamid
Modi are you from india
Muhammad
yr privacy ha Aik I'd pa req nhi jaty
Hamid
who was the father of economic ?why?
Mahesh Reply
who was the known as father of economic?why?
Mahesh
Rationing and hoarding
Semiat Reply
how do the size of a country's population affect labour force
Evans Reply
a mixed economic system
Ngong Reply
What are the types of price elasticity of demand
Juliana Reply
what are massures to promote geographical mobility of labor?
Ngong
Is to make sure that a labourer to know more about his salary to earn before going to the direction
shehu
what is trade
PHILIPPE Reply
Trade is a basic economic concept involving the buying and selling of goods and services, with compensation paid by a buyer to a seller, or the exchange of goods or services between parties. Trade can take place within an economy between producers and consumers.
Miss
what is fisical policy?
ha Reply
fisical policy or fiscal policy?
Miss
what are.the characteristics of economic goods
Hamis
what are the importance of labour market?
Rachael
how discrib the rural development and their four stages
Sheikh Reply
ye economics se related ha
Sheikh
1..traditional stage..no science and technology is applied hence poor productionuu.2..the take off stage..some development strategies are initiated eg transport system is improved but the traditional cultural belief still remain .3..the prematurely stage..technological methods of production are appl
President
applied leading to higher GDP..4..stage of mass consumption..
President
What is Easiest Formula For National Income?
Tenzin Reply
national income/ agrrigate net value
Sheikh
what do you mean by the supply of goods
sachin Reply
supply of good refer to the total unit of production which is ready to sell at a given price
Tenzin
what is implicit cost
fuseini Reply
Yeah
MOHAMED
any cost that has already occurred but not necessarily shown or reported as a separate expense.
President
The links don't seem to be working
Scorch Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, History grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11023/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'History grade 7' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask