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Since American colonization, Spain has traditionally been an emitting country of emigrants until the 1970s. At that time Spain became, for the first time, a receiving country of immigrants. The immigrants arrive to rich and developed Europe and are seen as cheap manual labor in search of the promised land that flows with milk and honey. Unfortunately, they are eventually hit with others’ lack of understanding and racism. Increasing immigration in Spain by people of different cultures, religions, and nationalities constitutes a challenge and defies Spanish society, not only in its economic, social, and cultural aspects, but also in the ethical and moral aspects. If Spaniards do not learn to coexist together as natives and immigrants, an increase of racism and xenophobia is sociologically foreseeable, bringing about interethnic conflicts.

This manuscript has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and endorsed by the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a significant contribution to the scholarship and practice of education administration. In addition to publication in the Connexions Content Commons, this module is published in the International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation , Volume 5, Number 1 (January – March 2010). Formatted and edited in Connexions by Julia Stanka, Texas A&M University.

The emmigration of foreign workers to spain: a new and relevant phenomenon in the history of spain

Tomás Calvo-Buezas

Since American colonization, Spain has traditionally been an emitting country of emigrants until the 1970s. At that time Spain became, for the first time, a receiving country of immigrants. The immigrants arrive to rich and developed Europe and are seen as cheap manual labor in search of the promised land that flows with milk and honey. Unfortunately, they are eventually hit with others’ lack of understanding and racism.

Increasing immigration in Spain by people of different cultures, religions, and nationalities constitutes a challenge and defies Spanish society, not only in its economic, social, and cultural aspects, but also in the ethical and moral aspects. If Spaniards do not learn to coexist together as natives and immigrants, an increase of racism and xenophobia is sociologically foreseeable, bringing about interethnic conflicts.

The history of civilizations is the history of human immigration. Humans are likely the most migratory beings on the planet. In previous evolutionary phases, there was the domestication of plants and animals, the creation of hierarchies and imperial military societies bringing about conquests, the control of other towns, and consequent migrations, which have created more and more multiethnic spaces.

European conquest and colonialism, related to industrial and commercial development, consistently opened byways between different towns and cultures, increasing the capitalist market and mass media which result in today’s massive tourism, international migration (200 million people), and the 50 million refugees because of wars and starvation. The Europe of the 21 st Century will be an even more multiracial mosaic, a Europe fertilized with immigrants and ethnic groups of the Third World with very different ways of life from those of western culture. Spain also walks the way of multiculturalism and ethnic-racial pluralism. Spanish society is no longer a traditional, ethnic, and culturally homogenous society regarding uniform values and beliefs.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Immigration in the united states and spain: considerations for educational leaders. OpenStax CNX. Jul 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11174/1.28
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