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The concerns based adoption model

The Concerns Based Adoption Model ( Anderson, 1997 ) is a widely applied theory and method for studying the process of teachers integrating a new innovation. It is concerned with measuring and describing the process of change experienced by teachers involved in attempts to implement new curriculum materials and instructional practices. This study will be using the Level of Use dimension to examine how the participants incorporated the Online Day course materials. Initially there were only six levels of use in this tool, but over time it has been revised and expanded to eight levels:

  • Level 0--Non-use.
  • Level 1--Orientation; seeking information about the innovation but not yet decided to adopt.
  • Level 2—Preparation; actively preparing to use the innovation, but not yet used it in class.
  • Level 3—Mechanical; beginning to implement change and struggling with logistics; teacher centered.
  • Level 4a--Routine Use; establishing a pattern of regular use.
  • Level 4b--Refinement; changing innovation to be more student centered.
  • Level 5--Integration; collaborating with other teachers to benefit students.
  • Level 6—Renewal; needing to make major changes in the innovation or explore alternative practices.
Participants’ levels of technology use in the CBAM Levels of Use of an Innovation.
  Lyle Nancy Laura Ken Mark Miller Neal Carrie Ed
Level 6 - Renewal         x     x  
Level 5 - Integration                  
Level 4b - Refinement                  
Level 4a - Routine x     x   x x   x
Level 3 - Mechanical use             x    
Level 2 - Preparation     x            
Level 1 - Orientation   x              
Level 0 - Non-use                  

Although these categories are general, they are clearly defined. However, CBAM was created in 1976 for use in evaluating K-12 teachers' learning to adopt technology. The assumption at that time was that all the teachers were just starting to use technology, so a linear progression from a very basic level of use made sense in that context.

In this study, the participants were experienced college instructors who had been using computers for as many as 18 years in daily life and in teaching. In attempting to place the instructors on the chart at the appropriate levels, it became clear that the categories of CBAM, beginning with such early stages of linear progression of learning, did not accommodate the sophistication the participants experience with technology. Researchers Leithwood and Montgomery (1987) identified the linearity of the CBAM’s level of use tool as a shortcoming, and this criticism applies to this study. For example, there was great variation in the levels of implementation within the category of routine use. Of the five participants at the routine level, Miller, Ed and Ken implemented the videos, the online quizzes, and the discussion board, whereas Neal and Lyle used only online quiz component.

Category Five, collaborating with other instructors to make the innovation more student-centered, did not fit the participants. The nine instructors worked alone, in the sense that no one else on campus was using the online course package. This differs significantly from the K-12 environment in which teachers adopted the innovation as a group by grade, thereby having a discreet, identifiable cohort.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Faculty use of courseware to teach counseling theories. OpenStax CNX. Oct 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11130/1.1
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