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One author suggests that even the middle clause can be empty, but it isn't obvious to this author how the loop would ever terminate if there is noconditional expression to be evaluated. Perhaps the loop could be terminated by using a break inside the loop, but in that case, you might just as welluse a while loop.

The for-each loop

There is another form of loop structure that is often referred to as a for-each loop. In order to appreciate the benefits of this loop structure, you need to be familiar with Java collections and iterators,both of which are beyond the scope of this module.

As near as I can tell, there is nothing that you can do with the for-each loop that you cannot also do with the conventional for loop described above. Therefore, I rarely use it. You can find a description ofthe for-each loop on this Oracle website .

I don't plan to discuss it further in this module. However, before you go for a job interview, you should probably do some online research and learn about itbecause an interviewer could use a question about the for-each loop to trip you up in the Q and A portion of the interview.

The do-while loop

The do-while loop is another implementation of the loop pillar mentioned earlier . However, it differs from the while loop and the for loop in one important respect; it is an exit-condition loop.

An exit-condition loop

Java provides an exit-condition loop having the syntax shown in Figure 6 .

Figure 6 . Syntax of a do-while loop.
do { statements} while (conditional expression);


The statements in the body of the loop continue to be executed for as long as the conditional expression evaluates to true.An exit-condition loop guarantees that the body of the loop will be executed at least one time, even if the conditional expressionevaluates to false the first time it is tested.

The break and continue statements

General behavior

Although some authors suggest that the break and continue statements provide an alternative to the infamous goto statement of earlier programming languages, it appears that the behaviors of the labeled break and labeled continue statements are muchmore restrictive than a general goto .

Unlabeled break and continue

The break and continue statements are supported in both labeled and unlabeled form.

First consider the behavior of break and continue in their unlabeled configuration.

Use of a break statement

The break statement can be used in a switch statement or in a loop. When encountered in a switch statement, breakcauses control to be passed to the next statement outside the innermost enclosing switch statement.

When break is encountered in a loop, it causes control to be passed to the next statement outside the innermost enclosing loop.

As you will see later, labeled break statements can be used to pass control to the next statement following switch or loop statementsbeyond the innermost switch or loop statement when those statements are nested.

Use of a continue statement

The continue statement cannot be used in a switch statement, but can be used inside a loop.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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