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The best table in the world!


The goals of this experiment are:

  • to observe the reactions of several metals with cold water, hot water, acids and then other metal ions.
  • to prepare an activity series of the metals based on the observations from the above reactions.


You will be assessed on:

  • observations of the reactions of several metals with cold water, hot water, acids and then other metal ions.
  • preparation of an activity series of the metals based on the observations from the above reactions.
  • answers to the post-lab questions.

Background information

First, you are going to travel back to 1869 and marvel at how the first periodic law and table were born when only 63 elements had been discovered at the time. A 35 year old professor of general chemistry, Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev at the University of St. Petersburg (now Lennigrad) in Russia was shuffling his cards with the properties of each element on each card trying to organize his thoughts for his soon-to-be famous textbook on chemistry. When he realized that if the elements were arranged in the order of their atomic weights, there was a trend in properties that repeated itself several times! His paper was delivered by his graduate student, Nikolai Aleksandrivich Menchutkin before the Russian Chemical Society while Medeleev was busy visiting cheesemaking cooperatives at the time!

In order to see and find order among the elements, we must have some general acquaintance with them. Elements are made of matter, and matter is defined as anything that has mass and occupies space. This includes everything that you can see and a lot that you cannot. It follows that in order to distinguish between different types of matter (in other words different elements) we have to assess their properties.

There are two types of properties: intensive and extensive. In the former case, intensive properties do not depend on the how much of an element is present but do include state (whether a substance is a solid, liquid or gas), color and chemical reactivity. Extensive properties depend on the quantity of matter present - mass and volume are extensive properties.

Properties can be further categorized as either chemical or physical. A chemical change describes how the substance may change composition, such as spontaneously by combustion or in combination with other substances. On the other hand, physical changes are those properties that can be measured without changing the composition of the matter. Condensation of steam to water is a physical change.


What is there to know about the periodic table? Why is it important? Why does it appear in nearly every science lecture room and labs? Is it just a portrait of an aspect of chemistry or does it serve a useful purpose? Why is the name periodic appropriate? Why is the table arranged in such a way? What are the important features of the table? Does it give order to the approximately 120 known elements?

Relative reactivity of metals and the activity series

 A superficial glance at the Periodic Table will reveal that all known elements are listed by their chemical symbols. An in depth glance at the Periodic Table yields information on the mass of an atom of the element in atomic mass units (amu) for the molar mass of a mole ( 6 . 02 × 10 23 size 12{6 "." "02" times "10" rSup { size 8{"23"} } } {} ) of atoms in grams below the chemical symbol for each element. Above the chemical symbol for each element, there is a second number listed, the atomic number, which gives the number of protons (positively charged particles in the nucleus), or the number of electrons (negatively charged outside the nucleus) for a neutral atom.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Honors chemistry lab fall. OpenStax CNX. Nov 15, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10456/1.16
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