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Economic and management sciences

Grade 5

Look before you leap

Module 9

The basic economic unit of a community

See if you can guess this: What is the basic economic unit of a community? You’re right – it is the household! Each member of the group of people living in your home has a specific role to play and function to fulfil! Each member is a role player who has to accept responsibility for certain tasks so that the housekeeping will run smoothly.

Assignment 1

Provide a brief written sketch of the role players in your family.

Assignment 2

What contribution does each of the members of your family make to the economy?

Which members are: Family members
consumers of goods and services?
performers of labour in the economy?

Do you realise that each member of the family buys goods and services to meet your specific needs? Everyone, therefore, is a CONSUMER.

[LO 1.1]


What are goods ?

They are tangible objects that can be bought, e.g. groceries, bedding, furniture, cleaning agents, etc.

What are services ?

Services are intangible. They cannot be handled or seen. In the economy two kinds of services are rendered, namely:1. personal services, e.g. medical care, education, hair care, etc.2. commercial services, e.g. transport, banking, assurance, advertising, etc.

Assignment 3

Indicate which kind of service is described in each of the following instancesby placing a tick in the appropriate column:

Personal Commercial
  1. Mother has her hair cut each month.
  1. My big sister has her legs waxed for the matric social.
  1. My little brother is in the pre-primary class.
  1. Dad banks his salary every month.
  1. My parents take out a policy in my name to pay for my future studies.
  1. Grandpa is coming to visit us for the holidays. He will travel by train.

[LO 1.1]

To be able to buy goods and services, some of the adults in your family have to provide labour (work) to generate the required funds. It is of great importance that the household is managed well to achieve a balance between income and expenditure.


What is a manager ?

A manager is someone who is responsible for controlling something, e.g. a school, a sports team, a business. A manager is in control of people who need guidance and direction to reach their objectives.

Your parents manage their household, because they take most of the decisions for the running of the household. The basic functions of a manager involve PLANNING, ORGANISING, GUIDANCE AND CONTROL.


What does each of these management functions involve?

Planning : the management decides what has to be done.

Organising : the management decides how it has to be done.

Guidance : the management decides how and when it has to be done.

Control : the management checks whether instructions have been carried out.

Assignment 4

Your mother is in control of preparing food in your home. Indicate the management function that she is executing alongside each description.

Action Management function
The family will have a savoury tart, a green salad and bread rolls for supper.
Mum makes the savoury tart. My big sister makes the salad. My little brother butters the rolls at six o’clock.
Mum shows each one how to prepare the food and encourages us.
Mum calls us to sit down to supper at 19:00.

[LO 1.1]

Assignment 5

The class in which you are is an economic unit managed by the class teacher. Explain, in one clear sentence each, how the four management functions are applied in the classroom with regard to homework.





[LO 3.1]


LO 1

THE ECONOMIC CYCLE The learner is able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the economic cycle within the context of the economic problem.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 differentiates between the different levels of needs that people have, and explains how these might be satisfied;

LO 3


The learner is able to apply and demonstrate, in a responsible manner, knowledge as well as a range of management, consumer and financial skills.

We know this when the learner:

3.1 participates and demonstrates some management and leadership roles in the classroom and home in the absence of adults;


Assignment 1

The teacher can explain to the class what a community is (a group that belongs together / has a feeling of solidarity) and then learners can complete Assignment 1.

Answers may differ.

Assignment 2

The teacher can discuss the role played in the economy of our country by its inhabitants. Thereafter each learner can complete it individually.

1. children, parents

2. parents, domestic worker, gardener

Assignment 3

  • The difference between goods and services, as well as the difference between personal and commercial services must be explained to the learners. No. 1 of the assignment can be completed as a class group and thereafter the assignment can be completed individually.

1. Personal (hair care)

2. Personal (skin care

3. Personal (education)

4. Commercial (banking)

5. Commercial (policies / insurance)

6. Commercial (transport)

Assignment 4

  • The purpose of having a manager and the different management functions can be discussed with the learners. The assignment can be completed thereafter.

1. planning

2. organisation

3. guidance

4. control

Assignment 5

  • Four different sentences that describe each management function can be written on the board. Each learner decides which statement is to be written next to each function and writes it down. It can then be checked.

1. The teacher decides which work is homework.

2. The teacher divides the homework into meaningful tasks.

3. The teacher explains how the work must be done and when it should be finished.

4. The group leaders check whether the homework has been written down, signed and done properly.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 05, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10974/1.1
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