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Ecotourism Tourism in natural environments to observe wildlife, often that are under protection or contain endangered species. It also refers to the practise oftravelling to areas in order to support conservation efforts and uplift the lives of local people.

The attractions of touring south africa

South Africa is a beautiful country that boasts great diversity in its flora and fauna. There are many interesting cultural, historical and environmental placethat people from South Africa and other countries want to visit.

From what you learned from the different ecosystems, you can see that South Africa has a range of systems from desert, wetland, mountains, sea and our ownunique Fynbos biome.

South Africa encompasses about 1,200,000 km 2 and has about 10% of all plant species on Earth. It is the third most biodiverse country in the world, and together with seventeen other countries, isconsidered mega diverse which means those countries contain 70% of the planet's biodiversity. South Africa's unique geography allows the country to supportsuch a diverse population of plants and animals. This makes South Africa an interesting travel destination to many.

Benefits to visitors, locals and the environment

Eco-tourism is a mutually beneficial practice for visitors, locals and the environment.

Eco-tourism has the potential to alleviate poverty in South Africa through bringing money into the economy and creating jobs for locals, while at the sametime turning our great biodiversity and natural resources into a national asset that will be nurtured, protected and grown. Tourism is the fastest growing partof the South African economy. In fact, tourism generates more money in South Africa than gold mining.

Ethical issues

While tourism has great economic potential and gives people access to unique places and cultures, it can have a negative impact. Sensitive ecosystems suchas wetlands and coasts need to be protected so that the balance of organisms can be maintained. Too many visitors and visitors who are not informed abouttheir impact on the environment can have a harmful effect. In the same way tourists need to be sensitive to the cultures and people that they visit.

To protect the plants and animals in the unique ecosystems of South Africa, many areas have been declared National Parks and have strict rules about how tobehave. You can visit the South African National Parks website to learn more about them: www.sanparks.org

In the same way, places that are historically or culturally important have been declared national heritage sites that are protected and maintained. SouthAfrica is also proud to have eight UNESCO (The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) sites:

CULTURAL

• Fossil Hominid Sites of Sterkfontein, Swartkrans, Kromdraai, and Environs (1999)

• Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape (2003)

• Robben Island (1999)

• Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape (2007)

MIXED

• UKhahlamba / Drakensberg Park (2000)

NATURAL

• Cape Floral Region Protected Areas (2004)

• Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park (1999)

• Vredefort Dome (2005)

You can find out more about them here: http://www.sa-venues.com/unesco_world_heritage_sites.htm

How to be a responsible ecotourist

Many areas of South Africa are protected and to travel to these areas you need to respect the area and the people that you are visiting. These are a few tips:

  • Learn a little about the place you are visiting before you go to know the do’s and don’ts. For example, littering is not allowed in anyNational Park in South Africa.
  • South Africa is rich in cultural diversity, which means that people from different areas have different ways of doing things. Learn about the culture oflocal people so that you can make sure not to offend anyone by your behaviour.
  • When you are in a protected area, do not damage plants or animals or buildings.For example, writing graffiti on historical buildings or sites. Remember the saying “take only pictures, leave only footprints”.

http://ethemes.missouri.edu/themes/1382

This an interesting website where you can learn about being a responsible tourist

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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why and for what was five kingdom of classification of organisms introduced
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SUBHIKSHA
Comment on the ozone depletion over the period of 1982 to 1996
Mpho Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Siyavula: life sciences grade 10. OpenStax CNX. Apr 11, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11410/1.3
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