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Technology

Grade 7

Processing: food technology

Module 19

What is food technology?

  1. What is food technology?

Food technology incorporates a broad field of study, but definitely deals with altering raw materials to food products. Raw materials include items such as bananas, fish, grains of wheat and potatoes. Some of these raw materials can be eaten as they are; bananas, for example. Other raw materials need to be processed before they can be presented as tasty. We need to distinguish between two core ideas: primary processing and secondary processing . Primary processing involves a process in which a raw material is made into a usable product (grains of wheat, for instance, are made into flour). When the flour is used to bake bread, we have to do with secondary processing.

Assignment 1:

[lo 2.2]

Illustrate examples of your own of primary and secondary processing

When we apply the process of food technology, it is necessary to have acquired particular knowledge and skills. We shall learn about different ingredients and their nutritive values. We shall have to be able to use particular tools and equipment effectively to be able to produce food products and we also have to understand why it is important to know about safety precautions and hygiene. To produce a product that will be popular, we shall have to do the necessary research, which will require knowledge related to the utilisation of computers and appropriate software. Sometimes the food technology process involves developing particular recipes and it might often be necessary to follow instructions precisely. Every successful enterprise, including food technology, also requires quality control. Are the ingredients that I use in my product safe in all instances ? is only one of the questions that a food technologist has to ask.

Assignment 2:

[lo 2.2]

Answer the following questions:

  1. Make a list of a number of foods that can be eaten raw, without any processing. Explain how two foods can be processed to become other products, for example: Meat (raw material) is dried to provide biltong (processed material).
  1. Design a memory chart to provide a clear illustration of the knowledge and skills that are required in the world of food technology.
  2. HYGIENE AND SAFETY
  1. Food hygiene and personal hygiene

Before designing a food product, you need to increase your knowledge of food hygiene, or you might design a food product that is unsafe for consumption by people!

Food hygiene consists of a set of rules that are directed towards keeping food clean. The main methods for keeping food clean are:

  • protecting food against bacteria;
  • preventing bacteria from multiplying in food, and
  • destroying bacteria by means of cooking.

Poor food hygiene in the food industry often leads to food poisoning. This can lead to legal steps being taken by clients against an enterprise, which may result in heavy fines. To sell food that is unsafe to eat is a contravention of the Food Safety Act of 1990 and this law states that the food industry must do everything in its power to ensure that food in whatever processed form must be safe to eat. There are certain basic principles that can be applied by the individual to ensure that food is protected from bacteria. The core concept to be emphasised here is personal hygiene . Try to respect he following recommendations when you work with food:

Questions & Answers

important of enocomic
Adu Reply
what is division of labour
Dennis Reply
division of labour can be defined as the separation of task to individuals in any economic system to specialize on it.
Ahmad
what is demand curve
Victoria Reply
demand curve is a downward sloping economic graph that shows the relationship between the price of product and the quantity of the product demanded.
Ahmad
What is demand
Frank Reply
It refers to the quantity of a commodity purchased in the market at a price and at a point of time.
Basanta
refers to amount of commodities a consumer is willing and able to buy at particular price within a period of time
Clifford
It is the ability and willingness a customer buys a product or service at a particular price, place and time while other things remaining constant or the same
kum
In which case is opportunity cost is zero
Francis Reply
where no alternative is available
Bhartendu
who is the father of economic
Omar Reply
Adam Smith
Suraj
ok
Tony
Adam Smith
Francis
Adam smith
Opana
Adam Smith
Basanta
What is monopoly
Mauthoor Reply
it an economic situation where one individual controls the essential commodities or value product for maximum profit
James
monopoly is a market situation in which there is only one producer of a good or service which has no close substitutes
eliano
is where only one person is solely the price taker
Francis
what is Monopoly
Dauda Reply
The word Monopoly is a Latin word. it is the combination of two words-Mono means single and Poly means seller. thus Monopoly means single seller. but this is not the full meaning of Monopoly. Monopoly must produce a product which does not have close substitute in the market.
Basanta
Monopoly is define as a firm in an industry with very high barriers to entry.
Favour
If close substitute is available, Monopoly will be a king without a crown.
Basanta
what does it array
Cbdishakur Reply
what are the differences between monopoly and.oligopoly
Onome Reply
what are the difference between monopoly and oligopoly
Cbdishakur
The deference between Monopoly and Oligopoly: Monopoly means:A single-firm-Industry producing and selling a product having no close business and Oligopoly means:A market structure where a few sellers compete with each other and each controls a significant portion of market .
Basanta
so that the price-output policy one affects the other.
Basanta
what are difference between physical policy and monotory policy
hon
what is economic
Emakpor Reply
what is economic
Cbdishakur
the word economic was derived from the Greek word oikos (a house)and mein(to manage) which in effect meant managing a household with the limited funds available 🙂.
Basanta
good excample about scarsity
hon
An Enquiry into the nature and causes of wealth Nations, this book clearly defined what economic is🙂🙂🙏🙏 thank you...
Basanta
good example about scarcity: money,time, energy, human or natural resources. Scarcity of resources implies that there supply is very much limited in relation to demand.
Basanta
equilibrium is a situation in which economic forces such as demand and supply are balanced and in the absence of external influences,the value of economic variables will not change
Onome Reply
hmnn
Emakpor
marginal cost and marginal revenue is equilibrium .
Kho
yessss
Basanta
what is equilibrium
Rodrice Reply
policy prescriptions for unemployment
Jeslyne Reply
Am working on it
Blacks
Study
Janelle
study
simeon
what are the factors effecting demand sedule
Kalimu Reply
we should talk about more important topics, you can search it on Google n u will find your answer we should try to focus on how we can improve our society using economics
shubham
so good night
hon
Why do people buy more grapes in December than in July?
lungi
because at time know money
Adu
While the American heart association suggests that meditation might be used in conjunction with more traditional treatments as a way to manage hypertension
Beverly Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11032/1.1
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