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What might a scatterplot of data points look like if it were best described by a logarithmic model?

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What does the y -intercept on the graph of a logistic equation correspond to for a population modeled by that equation?

The y -intercept on the graph of a logistic equation corresponds to the initial population for the population model.

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Graphical

For the following exercises, match the given function of best fit with the appropriate scatterplot in [link] through [link] . Answer using the letter beneath the matching graph.

Graph of a scattered plot.
Graph of a scattered plot.
Graph of a scattered plot.
Graph of a scattered plot.
Graph of a scattered plot.

y = 10.209 e 0.294 x

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y = 5.598 1.912 ln ( x )

C

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y = 4.607 + 2.733 ln ( x )

B

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y = 14.005 1 + 2.79 e 0.812 x

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Numeric

To the nearest whole number, what is the initial value of a population modeled by the logistic equation P ( t ) = 175 1 + 6.995 e 0.68 t ? What is the carrying capacity?

P ( 0 ) = 22 ; 175

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Rewrite the exponential model A ( t ) = 1550 ( 1.085 ) x as an equivalent model with base e . Express the exponent to four significant digits.

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A logarithmic model is given by the equation h ( p ) = 67.682 5.792 ln ( p ) . To the nearest hundredth, for what value of p does h ( p ) = 62 ?

p 2.67

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A logistic model is given by the equation P ( t ) = 90 1 + 5 e 0.42 t . To the nearest hundredth, for what value of t does P ( t ) = 45 ?

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What is the y -intercept on the graph of the logistic model given in the previous exercise?

y -intercept: ( 0 , 15 )

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Technology

For the following exercises, use this scenario: The population P of a koi pond over x months is modeled by the function P ( x ) = 68 1 + 16 e 0.28 x .

Graph the population model to show the population over a span of 3 years.

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What was the initial population of koi?

4 koi

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How many koi will the pond have after one and a half years?

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How many months will it take before there are 20 koi in the pond?

about 6.8 months.

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Use the intersect feature to approximate the number of months it will take before the population of the pond reaches half its carrying capacity.

Graph of the intersection of P(t)=68/(1+16e^(-0.28t)) and y=34.
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For the following exercises, use this scenario: The population P of an endangered species habitat for wolves is modeled by the function P ( x ) = 558 1 + 54.8 e 0.462 x , where x is given in years.

Graph the population model to show the population over a span of 10 years.

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What was the initial population of wolves transported to the habitat?

10 wolves

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How many wolves will the habitat have after 3 years?

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How many years will it take before there are 100 wolves in the habitat?

about 5.4 years.

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Use the intersect feature to approximate the number of years it will take before the population of the habitat reaches half its carrying capacity.

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For the following exercises, refer to [link] .

x f(x)
1 1125
2 1495
3 2310
4 3294
5 4650
6 6361

Use a graphing calculator to create a scatter diagram of the data.

Graph of the table’s values.
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Use the regression feature to find an exponential function that best fits the data in the table.

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Write the exponential function as an exponential equation with base e .

f ( x ) = 776.682 e 0.3549 x

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Graph the exponential equation on the scatter diagram.

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Use the intersect feature to find the value of x for which f ( x ) = 4000.

When f ( x ) = 4000 , x 4.6.

Graph of the intersection of a scattered plot with an estimation line and y=4,000.
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For the following exercises, refer to [link] .

x f(x)
1 555
2 383
3 307
4 210
5 158
6 122

Use a graphing calculator to create a scatter diagram of the data.

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Questions & Answers

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x+2y-z=7
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-1
Shedrak
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
Alfred Reply
An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of $9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
Kala Reply
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
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Source:  OpenStax, College algebra. OpenStax CNX. Feb 06, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11759/1.3
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