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LS 1.13 Analyze the types of arguments used by the speaker, including argument causation, analogy, authority, emotion, and logic.

Support standards

LC 1.2 Understand sentence construction (e.g., parallel structure, subordination, proper placement of modifiers) and proper English usage (e.g., consistency of verb tenses).

LC 1.3 Demonstrate an understanding of proper English usage and control of grammar, paragraph and sentence structure, diction, and syntax.

LS 1.9 Analyze the occasion and the interests of the audience and choose effective verbal and nonverbal techniques (e.g., voice, gestures, eye contact) for presentations.

LS 1.11 Assess how language and delivery affect the mood and tone of the oral communication and make an impact on the audience.

Using california english language development standards: benefits and challenges

Many states have developed two sets of standards: Content learning standards for all students and English Language Development (ELD) standards for English learners (EL). In order to support English learners’ language acquisition and content learning, it is important that the language standards align with the content standards. Intentionally integrating language learning with content learning provides opportunities for more authentic and effective language and content learning experiences. However, teachers are cautioned to read the ELD standards with a critical eye to assess the skill level of linguistic and academic expectations.

Use the Link, Aligning ELA Content and English Language Development (ELD)Standards , for an example of how to align English language arts (ELA) content and ELD standards in ways that assess presence and level of academic expectations for all students, including English learners, at all points of language development from beginner to advanced.

Instructional tools and materials

Co-constructed classroom charts

  • Characteristics of Effective Explanations of Significant Sentences (class specific)
  • Methods to Persuade (all classes)
  • Characteristics of Effective Persuasive Speeches (class specific)
  • Issues to Speak Out About (class specific)

Student work tool: reader's/writer's notebook

As part of their daily routine, each student will own and use a Reader's/Writer's Notebook . The Reader's/Writer's Notebook is a classroom tool that gives students a place for thinking about the texts they have read, for recording notes from the texts, and for trying out different voices and writing techniques. It is a place for writers to work through writing problems and to brainstorm. It is a place, as Randy Bomer (1995) says in Time for Meaning , for students to collect data about their lives and to begin to reach for meaning in advance of writing a draft. For information about setting up a Reader's/Writer's Notebooks, consult the Teacher Resources.

The Amplified Reader's/Writer’s Notebook resource includes extended activities for English learners to help them identify key cognates and vocabulary that will aid their reading comprehension.

The resource also illustrates how to help learners use their language study from earlier grades. See the example cited in Teacher Resource, Lesson 1. The example illustrates how to help students build from what they learned earlier about language analysis to comprehend a new text by examining its syntax to help with getting the text's gist.

Handouts, transparencies, displays, unit texts

Handouts should be copied on hole-punched paper so students can keep them in their Reader's/Writer's Notebooks. They can be accessed by clicking on them.

Rationale for amplified handouts for english learners

English learners, like all learners, are on a learning trajectory that is a gradual and lifelong process. Students can be viewed on a continuum of language learning that ranges from novice to expert language learners. Even when they are novice readers and writers in English, these learners have something to contribute and when they read and write at an expert level, they still have something to learn. Beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels of language proficiency often represent this continuum. These categories are fluid, and students may exhibit varying levels of language ability depending on their literacy skills, the activity, content being studied, or their comfort level, among other things. The Amplified Handouts provided for the online lessons were developed for English learners with an intermediate level of English proficiency, however, they can be amplified for all students along the continuum by extending language or content study as needed. While the English learners in our classrooms speak many languages other than Spanish, the language support included in these handouts are tailored for Spanish-speaking English learners.

Three ideas guide our teaching of English learners: Integration, expectations, and conversation. English learners can and should be integrated into every classroom activity by setting high academic expectations for them and providing them with opportunities to engage in conversations about language and content learning with their peers. To facilitate this three-fold process, we have included guidelines for language support within the lessons and translations into Spanish of the following documents, Definitions of Discourse and Reading the Architecture .

Teacher resources (found after the four online lessons)

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Selected lessons in persuasion. OpenStax CNX. Apr 07, 2008 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10520/1.2
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