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This is the final installment of my three part tutorial on the CNXML language. It is currently valid for themost recent release of the 0.3 language. The keywords contain a list of thetags described in this tutorial. Along with the example code in this module there is also an example module that has been growingthroughout the tutorial.

This module contains Connexions documentation which is out-of-date. The contents of this module are provided here for historical purposes only and should not be considered accurate for the current version of the Connexions website. The current (English-language) version of this module can be located at (External Link) . If you have any additional questions or cannot find the answer to your question, please contact techsupport@cnx.org and we will be happy to assist in any way we can.

If you would like to assist Connexions by helping us update this module with an appropriate translation from the current English version, please contact us at cnx@cnx.org as we would appreciate your help with improving our support for non-English-speaking users.


  code タグは、パラグラフ内にインラインテキストとしてか、ブロックテキストとして使用されます。どんなタグが含まれるかは CNXML Spec に相談してください。 code タグには2種類の値が入る type 属性があります。

  • inline (ディフォルト) - インラインテキストの指定
  • block - ブロックテキストの指定

<para id='copy'>In a unix terminal the command to copy a file is<code type='inline'>cp original copy</code>.</para>

In a unix terminal the command to copy a file is cp original copy


  exercise タグは作者に対して、彼らのドキュメントに練習問題を追加するタグを提供します。 exercise タグは id 属性(必須)と problem solution の2つの子要素を持ちます。 problem タグと solution タグは属性を持ちません。

 多項選択式などの複雑な答えを作成するため、QML(Questions Markup Language)はproblemタグやsolutionタグのところで使用されるでしょう。詳しくは QML を見てください。

<exercise id='grilltest'><problem><para id='grilltestp1'>For food safety, a steak should be cooked to a minimum temperature of what?</para></problem><solution><para id='sol1p1'>160&deg; F or until the juices run clear and the meat is no longer pink.</para></solution></exercise>

For food safety, a steak should be cooked to a minimum temperature of what?

160° F or until the juices run clear and the meat is no longer pink

Cals table

 CNXMLはCNXMLドキュメントにテーブルを含めるために、Industry Standardの CALS Table Model を使用しています。以下に示すのは、CALSタグ、それらの属性、そして子要素の簡単な解説です。より詳しい情報については、 CALS Table Spec に相談してください。


  table タグは表の始まりを示します。任意の子要素 name を持ち、1つ以上の tgroup タグを持っています。tableタグはまた多くの属性を持っています。詳しくは CALS Table Spec に相談してください。


  tgroup タグは table の始まりを示します。列数を表す必須の属性 cols を持ちます。その子属性のタグは、0か1以上の colspecspanspec と、0か1以上の theadtfoot 、そして1つの tbody タグです。


The colspec tag is an empty tag that specificies the column of a table or entrytbl . The names and numbers specified as attributes are used for referencing by othertags.


The spanspec tag is an empty tag that identifies a horizontal span of columns and associatedattributes that can subsequently be referenced by its spanname for repeated use in entry or entrytbl in different rows .


  thead タグは tgroupentrytbl のヘッダーの row を特定します。 thead タグは0か1以上の colspec タグ、および1以上の row を持つことができます。


  tfoot タグは、 tbody タグの後に表示されるフッター情報の rows を特定します。 tfoot タグは0か1以上の colspec タグ、および1つ以上の row を持つことができます。


  tbody タグは tgroupentrytbl の中身を特定します。 tbody タグには、1つ以上の row タグがなければなりません。


  row タグは、 theadtbody 、もしくは tfoot の中の情報の行を特定します。 row タグは1つ以上の entryentrytbl がなければなりません。


  entrytbl タグは entry の代理を行いますが、 tgrouptbody一行 に収まります。 The content model is thesame as that of a tgroup except that tfoot is ommitted and entrytbl is self-excluding. Its children tags are zero, one, or more colspec or spanspec , zero or one thead or tfoot , and one tbody tag.


  entry タグは row 内の入力を特定します。 entry タグはASCIIを含んでおり、0か1以上の citetermcnxnlinkcodeemphasis もしくは media を含んでいます。

Using cals tables

 少し複雑に聞こえるかもしれませんが、 [link] を見ることで表について理解できると思います。より詳しい情報は CALS Table SpecCNXML Spec に相談してください。

<table id='grilltemp' frame='all'><name>Steak Cooking Temperatures</name><tgroup cols='2' colsep='1' rowsep='1'><thead><row><entry>Temperature (&deg;F)</entry><entry>Description</entry></row></thead><tbody><row><entry align='center'>140</entry><entry align='center'>Rare</entry></row><row><entry align='center'>150</entry><entry align='center'>Medium Rare</entry></row><row><entry align='center'>160</entry><entry align='center'>Medium</entry></row><row><entry align='center'>165</entry><entry align='center'>Medium Well</entry></row><row><entry align='center'>170</entry><entry align='center'>Well</entry></row></tbody></tgroup></table>
Steak cooking temperatures
Temperature (°F) Description
140 Rare
150 Medium Rare
160 Medium
165 Medium Well
170 Well


 これでCNXMLチュートリアルは終わりです。2つの役立つリソースは The CNXML Language Specthe example document です。

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Connexions tutorial and reference (japanese version). OpenStax CNX. Aug 26, 2005 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10298/1.9
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